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Autumn, 2014
Volume 40, Number 3
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In this 1996 image, children attend a festival in New York celebrating Greek heritage. (photo: Karen Lagerquist)
  
7 July 2014
J.D. Conor Mauro




Bat-El Shmueli, an Ethiopian woman who has lived in Israel for more than two decades, works closely with the new Ethiopian community as a supervisor of the organization Ethiopian National Project in Haifa. Ms. Shmueli strives to build bridges between the Israeli and Ethiopian culture. She lives with her husband, a famous Israeli Sepahardic artist, in Ein Hod with their two children and her niece, who was orphaned in Ethiopia. To learn more about Ethiopian Jews in Israel, read Challenges for a Land of Immigrants, in the November 2008 issue of ONE. (photo: Ilene Perlman)



Tags: Israel Immigration Multiculturalism Ethiopian Jews

7 July 2014
J.D. Conor Mauro




Pope Francis tosses a wreath of flowers into the Mediterranean Sea off the Italian island of Lampedusa in this 2013 photo. The pope threw a wreath to honor the memory of immigrants who have died trying to cross from Africa to reach a new life in Europe. Marking the first anniversary of his Lampedusa visit, the pope said the the tragic deaths of thousands searching for a better future should trigger compassion and action, not indifference. (photo: CNS)

Pope Francis sends message to mark Lampedusa anniversary (Vatican Radio) Pope Francis has sent a Message to mark the first anniversary of his pastoral visit to the island of Lampedusa, which is a major way-point for irregular migrants from North Africa who seek to enter Europe…

Eduard Shevardnadze, Soviet foreign minister under Gorbachev, is dead at 86 (New York Times) Eduard A. Shevardnadze, who as Mikhail S. Gorbachev’s foreign minister helped hone the “new thinking,” foreign and domestic, that transformed and ultimately rent the Soviet Union, then led his native Georgia through its turbulent start as an independent state, died Monday. He was 86. In 1992, he was baptized into the Georgian Orthodox Church, taking the name Georgy…

Besieged Palestinians in Syria refugee camp ‘will likely go hungry’ (U.N. News Center) Unable for more than a month now to deliver food and other supplies to Palestinians trapped in a refugee camp near Damascus, the United Nations agency tasked with ensuring their well-being said today it is urgently seeking to resume its humanitarian activities, warning that the civilians would likely go hungry…

Hamas: Israeli air strikes in Gaza kill 6 of its men (Daily Star Lebanon) Israeli air strikes killed six Hamas militants in the Gaza Strip Monday, the Islamist group said, in the deadliest attacks in a surge of violence exacerbated by the kidnapping and killing of three Israeli youths and a Palestinian teen…

Sisi: Egypt should have deported journalists (Al Jazeera) Egypt’s president has said he wished journalists jailed in his country had been deported rather than tried, less than two weeks after three Al Jazeera staff were sentenced to seven years in prison for “aiding a terrorist group.” Abdel Fattah al Sisi was reported by the Al Masry al Youm newspaper as telling a meeting of local editors that the trials had hurt Egypt…

Egypt’s Copts may soon regret supporting Sisi (Al Monitor) Most Coptic Christians will tell you that anything is better than the Muslim Brotherhood. Thus, the unequivocal support for current President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi among Copts was no surprise. But now with the devastating curb of freedom of expression and the widespread crackdown on journalists and activists, the Coptic Orthodox Church is finding out, Copts, too, are not safe from the new government’s oppressive measures…

Christians displaced again by Iraqi violence (Al Monitor) An estimated 10,000 Christians have been displaced from the Nineveh plains to Iraqi Kurdistan during the past few days as a result of raids by the Islamic State, formerly the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS), surrounding the majority-Christian Hamdaniya district. Al Monitor has confirmed that shelters for displaced persons have been opened in the town of Ainkawa, in Erbil province…



Tags: Pope Francis Gaza Strip/West Bank United Nations Georgia Immigration

3 July 2014
J.D. Conor Mauro




Before moving to Jifna, a village in the West Bank 14 miles north of Jerusalem, the Rev. Firas Aridah was a pastor in the village of Aboud for six years. Over 1,600 acres of Aboud’s land were confiscated by the Israeli occupation for construction of two illegal settlements and a stretch of Israel’s separation wall. You can read more about forming priests in a land of conflict in the March 2011 issue of ONE. To learn more about Father Aridah, watch this video from our 2009 special feature on the priests of the regions CNEWA serves. (photo: Rich Wiles)



Tags: Middle East Holy Land Israeli-Palestinian conflict Priests Holy Land Christians

3 July 2014
J.D. Conor Mauro




Iraqi refugees line up to receive free food inside the Khazer camp on the outskirts of Erbil, Iraq, 29 June. Archbishop Bashar Matte Warda of Erbil told Catholic New Service by telephone on 28 June the situation was going “from bad to worse.” (photo: CNS/Stringer, Reuters)

Iraqis flee to Kurdistan region (Al Jazeera) Since ISIL seized Mosul earlier this month, long-standing sectarian and regional rifts permeating Iraq have created a landscape that many now worry is irrevocably fragmented. However, because the fighting has largely been driving southward, and because of the presence of a well-trained Kurdish armed force, the semi-autonomous Kurdish region in the north has remained largely stable. This stability has drawn hundreds of thousands of people fleeing Mosul and the surrounding areas…

Tensions spike along Gaza border amid airstrikes as Israeli troops deploy (Christian Science Monitor) Israeli airstrikes against Hamas targets in Gaza overnight and the return fire of 14 rockets into southern Israel is intensifying concerns of a full-blown conflict after the kidnapping and murder of three Israeli teenagers as well as a Palestinian teen…

Authorities dismiss threats against Christians in the Bekaa (Daily Star Lebanon) Lebanese authorities Thursday dismissed threats by a shadowy militant group against churches in the Bekaa Valley as bogus, a security source told The Daily Star. The so-called Free Sunni Brigades in Baalbek is nothing more than a group with a Twitter account, the source, speaking on condition of anonymity, said. “Security forces do not take this group seriously ... but the nationwide security plan inherently provides reinforcements outside places of worship,” the source added…

Chechen in Syria a rising star in extremist group (Washington Post) A young, red-bearded ethnic Chechen has rapidly become one of the most prominent commanders in the breakaway Al Qaeda group that has overrun swaths of Iraq and Syria, illustrating the international nature of the movement. Omar al Shishani, one of hundreds of Chechens fighting in Syria, has emerged as the face of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, appearing frequently in its online. Syria’s civil war, in its fourth year, has attracted militants from around the world. Some estimates run as high as 10,000 foreign fighters in the country. But the Chechens — hardened from years of wars with Russia in the Caucasus region — are considered some of the best fighters…

Reaching out to Eritrea: Italy seeks to encourage end to isolation (Vatican Radio) After the tragedy of the boat that sank off Italy’s Southern Island of Lampedusa, came Pope Francis’ first the appeal for a global response. Recently, Catholic bishops in Eritrea issued a pastoral letter calling on Eritreans to do some soul searching. Now Italy is reaching out to the Eritrean government. The Italian deputy minister of foreign affairs, Lapo Pistelli, visited Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki to restart Italian-Eritrean relations…

Andra Pradesh bishops launch web network for Dalit youth (Vatican Radio) Spearheaded by Jesuit Father Dusi Ravi, the rector of Andhra Loyola College, Indian bishops have launched a network for Dalit youth to help them share information on jobs, scholarships and other opportunities…



Tags: Syrian Civil War Israeli-Palestinian conflict Iraqi Refugees Eritrea Indian Bishops

2 July 2014
J.D. Conor Mauro




Sister Najma chats with a patient visiting the clinic for a routine checkup at the Mother of Mercy Clinic in Zerqa, Jordan. The clinic is administered by the Dominican Sisters of St. Catherine of Siena, an order of Iraqi nuns. Recently, ISIS extremists kidnapped two Iraqi Sisters of the Congregation of the Daughters of Mary Immaculate — Sister Atur and Sister Miskinta — along with three of the young charges of their foster home in Mosul. Please keep them in your prayers. To find out how you can help Iraq’s religious sisters, click here. (photo: Nader Daoud)



Tags: Iraq Children Violence against Christians Sisters Health Care

2 July 2014
J.D. Conor Mauro




Violence in eastern Ukraine has resumed following the expiration of the cease-fire. According to residents of Kramatorsk, the first bombshells slammed into the city just minutes after the cease-fire ended. (video: Al Jazeera)

Palestinian teen killed in suspected revenge attack by Israeli settlers (Al Jazeera) A 16-year-old Palestinian boy from East Jerusalem was abducted and killed early Wednesday by Israeli settlers, Israeli police said — a suspected act of revenge for the killing of three Israeli youths that comes amid heightened tensions. The murder highlights a growing fear that there will be more cases of violence not between the Israeli military and Palestinian armed groups, but by vigilante groups on both sides taking matters into their own hands…

Latin patriarch of Jerusalem calls for end to cycle of revenge (Fides) “It is not worthy of political and religious leaders to support, feed and foment revenge. Revenge calls for revenge, blood calls for blood. And innocent people who are killed, all the children killed, are victims sacrificed on the diabolical altars of hatred. We pray for the parents and families of all these young people kidnapped and killed,” said Fouad Twal, Latin patriarch of Jerusalem, regarding the news of the slain Palestinian teen…

Christians find refuge, aid in biblical Iraqi town (AINA) The advance of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) has left few safe havens for Iraq’s Christians. Many fleeing Christians found refuge in parts of Iraqi Kurdistan, such as the northern Ninevah town of Alqosh. Alqosh is mentioned in the Bible — it was the hometown of the Old Testament prophet Nahum. Today, it is one of the rare all-Christian cities in the region…

Iraq will disintegrate, Chaldean leader predicts (Aleteia) Patriarch Louis Rafael I, head of the Chaldean Church, spoke with international Catholic charity Aid to the Church in Need on 28 June. The patriarch reported no hope that Iraq will remain a single, unified state. “Perhaps a symbolic unit and the name of Iraq will continue to exist,” he said, “but de facto there will be three independent zones with their own budgets and armies…”

Pope says there are more Christian martyrs today than ever (Vatican Radio) Pope Francis said on Monday that there are more persecuted Christians in the world today than there were in the first centuries of Christianity. The pope’s words came as he celebrated Mass at the Casa Santa Marta on the day in which the church remembers the first Roman martyrs who were martyred during Nero’s persecution in 64…



Tags: Iraq Ukraine Violence against Christians Iraqi Christians Israeli-Palestinian conflict

1 July 2014
J.D. Conor Mauro




A culinary student at the Youth Development Center in Gyumri, Armenia, cleans up after a class. The center is part of the Our Lady of Armenia Boghossian Educational Complex, administered by the Armenian Sisters of the Immaculate Conception. To learn more about how this institution offers orphaned youth in Armenia a brighter future, read From Isolation to Opportunity, from the March 2011 issue of ONE. (photo: Nazik Armenakyan)



Tags: Education Sisters Armenia Youth

1 July 2014
J.D. Conor Mauro




The parents of Naftali Frankel attend his funeral service in Nof Ayalon, Israel, on 1 July. Ayalon was one of three Israeli teens found dead in a West Bank field 18 days after they disappeared trying to hitchhike home. Israel blamed the Islamist movement Hamas and launched targeted airstrikes into the Gaza Strip. (photo: CNS/Jim Hollander, EPA)

Israel launches airstrikes on Gaza, forces kill teen in West Bank (Al Jazeera) Israeli aircraft bombed dozens of sites in the Gaza Strip on Tuesday, soldiers shot and killed a Palestinian teenager during an arrest raid in the occupied West Bank, and violent settler attacks against Palestinians were reported overnight. The violence came after Israel found the bodies of three Israeli teenagers in the West Bank after they went missing on 12 June. Israel has blamed Hamas for the teens’ abduction near a Jewish settlement, though it has not provided evidence to support that allegation…

Chaldean patriarch appeals for the release of the abductees (Fides) Chaldean Patriarch Louis Raphael I has made a public appeal to “those who are holding the nuns and orphans kidnapped in Mosul three days ago” to release their captives…

Iraqi archbishop: Christians ‘fed up’ with situation in the country (Vatican Radio) The new Iraqi parliament has convened amid international pressure on lawmakers to quickly choose a new prime minster who can confront the ISIS offensive that threatens to rip the country apart. The conflict left 2,400 civilians dead in June, many of them women and children, and the Islamists are threatening the capital. According to Chaldean Archbishop Bashar Warda of Erbil, many members of the Christian community are thinking seriously about leaving the country…

Eastern patriarchs deplore regional violence (Daily Star Lebanon) The patriarchs of Eastern churches Tuesday deplored raging violence in Iraq and Syria that has caused massive displacement of people, calling to maintain the Christian presence in region’s war-torn countries and preserve their lands. Maronite Patriarch Bechara Peter, Melkite Greek Catholic Patriarch Gregory III, Syriac Catholic Patriarch Ignatius Joseph III, Syrian Orthodox Patriarch Ignatius Aphrem II and Greek Orthodox Patriarch Youhanna X attended the conference…

Ukrainian forces attack separatists in east as cease-fire ends (Christian Science Monitor) Ukrainian government forces attacked pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine Tuesday, shortly after President Petro Poroshenko ended a ten-day cease-fire that failed to calm violence in the restive region. The resumption of what the government calls an antiterrorism operation will intensify fighting in the east. It also raises uncertainty over how Moscow — which officially supported the cease-fire, while also massing troops along the Ukrainian border — will respond. Russian President Vladimir Putin is scheduled to make a foreign policy speech later Tuesday…

Female prisoners in Egypt suffer rampant abuse (Al Monitor) At a time when the Egyptian government has recognized the need to stop physical and sexual violence against women, human rights organizations have registered dozens of cases of physical abuse against women in Egyptian prisons pending trial for political issues. On 23 June, ten Egyptian human rights organizations filed a joint complaint — of which Al Monitor obtained a copy — with the Egyptian general prosecutor. They requested that the latter quickly investigate the complaints of female prisoners being subject to torture and physical and sexual abuse, and demanded that protection be speedily provided if the complaints are shown to be valid…



Tags: Middle East Christians Iraqi Christians Israeli-Palestinian conflict Patriarchs Eastern Churches

30 June 2014
J.D. Conor Mauro




Ramiz Toma, an Iraqi Christian living in Sweden, attends the Divine Liturgy at least once a week. To learn more about the community of Iraqi Christian expatriates in Sweden, read A Nordic Refuge No More, from the May 2011 issue of ONE. (photo: Magnus Aronson)



Tags: Iraq Iraqi Christians Iraqi Refugees Emigration Sweden

30 June 2014
J.D. Conor Mauro




Rana, a 31-year-old a Syrian refugee living in Jordan, adjusts her 8-year-old daughter’s hair at their home at a refugee camp in Amman on 2 May. (photo: CNS/Muhammad Hamed, Reuters)

Syrian women refugees suffer in Jordan (Al Monitor) Most Syrian refugees in Jordan live in cities, outside of the camps set up to accommodate them. The suffering of refugee women adds a new chapter to the suffering of women in general in Jordan. Women are subjected to various forms of violence, among them domestic violence, which includes beatings at the hands of their husbands, sexual abuse of female children and violence related to forced marriage. This is in addition to pre-existing societal violence — rape, sexual abuse, harassment at the workplace and in education institutions and more. Moreover, this violence includes the trafficking of women, forced prostitution and forced labor…

Israeli police forcibly end African migrant protest (Christian Science Monitor) Israeli police today forcibly broke up a three-day desert sit-in by hundreds of African migrants who bolted a detention center to march toward the Egyptian border, where they were rebuffed by Egyptian soldiers. The march and sit-in marked a new defiance of Israeli government policy, which recently began ordering African migrants who entered the country illegally years ago to leave work and homes in Israeli cities and report to the Holot desert detention camp. Photographs uploaded to Twitter by human rights activists showed police dragging migrants to buses…

For Iraqi Christians, return to captured city is fraught mandate (NPR) Mosul is northern Iraq’s largest city and the takeover by ISIS has prompted an exodus of the last remaining Iraqi Christians there. The seizure raised fears that a thousand years of Christian culture would vanish. But in recent days, some Christian families have returned to Mosul and surrounding villages. And soon the archbishop of the Chaldean Church will join them. NPR’s Deborah Amos caught up with him in nearby Erbil…

Ecumenical patriarch sends greetings to pope on Sts. Peter and Paul feast (Vatican Radio) Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew has expressed his “sincere gratitude” for the series of encounters this year with Pope Francis in a letter marking the Solemnity of Sts. Peter and Paul. The patriarch was represented by a special delegation at the Mass marking the feast in St. Peter’s Basilica, where the pallium was given to new archbishops…

Egyptian law seeks to control political speech at mosques (Al Monitor) Enforcement of Egypt’s new Law of Oration, which regulates Friday sermons in mosques, shut down hundreds of small mosques with unlicensed imams in Egypt. Moreover, dozens of citations were issued against imams who took the pulpit in mosques without a permit. The law stipulates that religious oration and lessons may only be conducted by Al Azhar graduates who hold a permit from the Ministry of Endowments…



Tags: Syria Refugees Iraqi Christians Women Migrants





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