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Current Issue
September, 2018
Volume 44, Number 3
  
8 May 2018
Dan Russo, Catholic News Service




The Rev. Alan Dietzenbach listens to Adib Kassas, acting imam at the mosque in Dubuque, Iowa, speak about Arabic calligraphy and the decoration around the arch. The artwork was a gift from Catholic parishes in Dubuque to the center as a sign of friendship. (photo: CNS/Dan Russo, The Witness)

Artist Donna Slade had never set foot in a mosque before beginning work on the intricate calligraphy in Arabic that now decorates the arch above the central point in the worship space at the Tri-State Islamic Center.

“I really enjoyed it,” Slade said of the experience. “It was great working with them.”

Slade, a member of Church of the Nativity in Dubuque, collaborated with Fayez Alasmary, a young member of the mosque, and Adib Kassas, a member of the mosque’s advisory board who serves as an imam. The trio perfected the curved lettering that expresses a verse from the Quran, the Muslim holy book.

The artwork was a gift from the Catholic parishes of Dubuque to the Islamic community. Muslims have been present in the city for years, with the first permanent worship space opening in December 2016.

“This is a gift from them expressing their welcome to us, and expressing that they are interested in building a relationship and cooperating together,” said Kassas, a physician who arrived in Dubuque from Syria about 13 years ago. “I really feel it’s a great gesture for them. Muslims have loved this gesture, accepted it and welcomed it.”

Aref Khatib, Islamic Center president, explained that the gift has a deep significance for both communities.

“It means to me bringing everyone together and realizing we should not be discriminating and we should not be judging one another. That’s God’s job, not our job,” Khatib told The Witness, newspaper of the Archdiocese of Dubuque.

“When you look at the universe, everything is different color and different shapes, just like human beings are and that’s the beauty of Allah’s creation. We should embrace the diversity,” he said.

The idea for the gift came from the Rev. Alan Dietzenbach, parochial vicar at St. Raphael Cathedral and St. Patrick Parish.

“I’ve always been inspired by my confirmation saint, St. Francis of Assisi, who during the height of the Crusades, crossed Christian and Muslim battle lines to meet the sultan and seek to be an instrument of peace and understanding in the midst of conflict,” Father Dietzenbach said. “When we look back at the history of Christianity and Islam, we tend to focus on the times of contention and overlook all the times when these two religions coexisted and faithful Christians and Muslims worked and peacefully lived side-by-side.”

The effort grew from the relationships built by John Eby, associate professor of history at Loras College and a member of the cathedral parish, through his work with the Children of Abraham. The organization encourages dialogue among Jews, Christians and Muslims.

“This is a great example of how to love your neighbor as yourself and to show hospitality and inclusion,” Eby said. “An important concept in Islam is ‘ihsan.’ It means to beautify your actions and beautify the world. Not only is this [art] beautifying this space, it’s literally taking this action of hospitality and making it the most beautiful expression of hospitality.”

The verse painted over the archway from the Quran translates in English to read, “Oh, people. We have created you from a male and a female and made you into branches of humanity and different gatherings into nations so that you may come to know each other. Behold the most honored among you in the eye of God is the most deeply conscious of him. Truly, God is all-knowing, all-aware.”

Kassas called the Catholic community’s gift “an example and an application of this verse.”

“What this passage talks about is that we all come from one origin,” he said. “People divide themselves into groups and isolate themselves from others, thinking that they are better than them, but the truth is, God said we have made you into that kind of division to get to know one another.”

Father Dietzenbach hopes the art will serve as a lasting symbol of cooperation between the two groups.

“I hope that this gift is a sign of solidarity and love and a reminder that religious freedom is a right we hold together as we strive to make our own community a place of peace, understanding, and kinship,” he said.



Tags: Muslim United States Muslim Americans

8 May 2018
Greg Kandra




Vladimir Putin is shown during a service at the Moscow Kremlin’s Cathedral of the Annunciation conducted by Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia after being sworn in as President of Russia. (photo: Alexei Nikolsky/TASS/Getty Images)

Rebels leave last besieged enclave in Syria (BBC) Syrian rebels have begun withdrawing from the last big, besieged enclave that they held in the war-torn country. Hundreds of fighters have been boarding buses along with their families in a pocket of territory lying in central Syria, between Homs and Hama…

Putin receives Russian Orthodox blessing after inauguration (The Moscow Times) On 7 May 2018, Vladimir Putin was inaugurated for his fourth term as Russia’s president. Following the official state ceremony, Putin met with Patriarch Kirill, the leader of the Russian Orthodox Church, at the Cathedral of the Annunciation for a prayer service and a blessing…

Hezbollah wins significant gains in Lebanon vote (Reuters) Hizbollah and its political allies made significant gains in Lebanon’s parliamentary election, official results showed, boosting an Iranian-backed movement fiercely opposed to Israel and underlining Teheran’s growing regional clout. The leader of Shi’ite Hezbollah, Mr. Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah, called the result a “a very big political, parliamentary and moral victory for the choice of resistance”…

Armenian protest leader wins prime minister vote (BBC) Opposition politician Nikol Pashinyan spearheaded weeks of protests in Armenia that brought an end to 10 years of rule by Serzh Sargsyan. Now he has persuaded a parliament dominated by Mr. Sargsyan’s own party to back him as prime minister, only a week after he lost an initial vote…

Children of conflict: growing up in Gaza (As Jazeera) Around the world, millions of children are the unheard voices of war. And the horrors they witness today will inform the adults they become tomorrow. Will they grow up to be the next leaders, teachers or freedom fighters?…

Charity to offer college education to Syrian refugees in Jordan (GulfNews.com) Syrian refugees living in Jordanian refugee camps will be offered university education and vocational training as part of a new programe that was launched in Abu Dhabi on Monday. The initiative is a joint partnership involving Swiss NGO UniRef, The Jordanian Red Crescent and Isra University in Jordan. The signing ceremony for the new project was attended by several dignitaries in the capital including the ambassadors of Jordan, Oman and Afghanistan…

Bogus story about Vatican deal confirms Saudis’ religious freedom headache (Crux) Anyone who’s covered the Vatican for a while knows that a good chunk of the job isn’t so much reporting the actual news, but debunking “fake news” that others have shot out into the ether. We got an example this week, with a bogus story that Saudi Arabia had entered into an agreement with the Vatican to support the construction of Christian churches in the country…



Tags: Syria Lebanon Russia Arabian Peninsula

7 May 2018
Greg Kandra




Young men crowd around to watch the monthly quiz in the yard at Shano Prison in Ethiopia. To learn how lay people are ministering to these young men, offering them guidance and direction, read ‘For I Was in Prison’ in the March 2018 edition of ONE. (photo: Don Duncan)



Tags: Ethiopia

7 May 2018
Greg Kandra




People sit beside their destroyed homes in Bharatpur, India, following a severe dust storm Thursday. The Catholic bishops of India have expressed solidarity with the victims of the storm. (photo: Vatican News/AFP)

India’s Catholic Church expresses solidarity with victims of dust storm (Vatican News) The Catholic Church of India has expressed its grief at the loss of life and and property, and injury caused by a particularly severe dust storm on Thursday in parts of the northern states of Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. “The Catholic Church condoles the death of our brothers and sisters who were caught unaware as nature’s fury took hold of large parts of North India,” said press release on Saturday signed by Bishop Theodore Mascarenhas, the secretary general of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of India, and The Rev. Paul Moonjely, the executive director of Caritas India, the social arm of the Catholic Church in India…

Hezbollah reportedly on track to extend political gains in Lebanon (CNBC) Lebanon’s first national election in nine years could result in a stronger Hezbollah, preliminary results show, following an election marred by low voter turnout amid frustration over the country’s endemic corruption problems. Shia group Hezbollah and its political allies were thought to be on course to win more than half of the seats in the Lebanese parliament, according to preliminary results cited by Beirut’s media on Monday...

‘U.S. Embassy’ road signs appear in Jerusalem (Al Jazeera) ‘U.S. Embassy’ road signs went up in Jerusalem on Monday ahead of next week’s opening of the mission in the city. The signs, in English, Hebrew and Arabic, were installed by workmen close to the south Jerusalem location of a U.S. consulate building that will be repurposed as the embassy when it is officially relocated from Tel Aviv on 14 May, Reuters news agency reported…

Libya says remains of beheaded Copts to be returned to Egypt soon (Egypt Today) Siddiq Assour, head of investigations at the Libyan Attorney General’s Office, said that he ordered that the remains of the 21 Egyptian Coptic Christians who were beheaded by ISIS in Libya in 2015 to be transferred to Egypt…

Remembering the Eritrea-Ethiopia border war, Africa’s unfinished conflict (BBC) Two decades have passed since two of Africa’s poorest countries began the continent’s deadliest border war. The conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia left tens of thousands dead or injured in the space of just two years. But despite a peace deal signed in December 2000, the two sides remain on a war footing — their massive armies still facing off…

Did Syria create the world’s first song? (BBC) In Syria, music runs deeper into the fabric of the place than anywhere else in the world. Long before the modern state was formed in 1946, Syria had developed rich musical traditions over thousands of years. The diverse religions, sects and ethnicities that inhabited and travelled across the country over the millennia — Muslims, Christians, Jews, Arabs, Assyrians, Armenians and Kurds, to name but a few — all contributed to this eclectic musical heritage…



Tags: Syria India Lebanon Jerusalem Horn of Africa

4 May 2018
Greg Kandra




Sister Femily of the Sisters of the Destitute in Marayoor, India, leads a self-help group for adults. Discover how she and other sisters are Breaking the Cycle of addiction and alcoholism in Kerala in the March 2017 edition of ONE. (photo: Don Duncan)



Tags: India Sisters

4 May 2018
J.D. Conor Mauro




Posters of candidates for the upcoming Lebanese parliamentary elections hang on the walls of buildings in the northern Lebanese city Tripoli's Bab al Tabbaneh Sunni neighborhood on 3 May. (photo: Joseph Eid/AFP/Getty Images)

Lebanese voters want change; few expect it (New York Times) Voters across Lebanon will vote in parliamentary elections on Sunday for the first time in nine years, and many of them are fed up. The country’s crises are many: a million Syrian refugees are straining public services; a shaky economy is increasingly teetering; garbage is piling up; fear is spreading of a new war between Hezbollah and Israel; and the political class has failed to find solutions…

UNICEF: Children bear the brunt as violence escalates in Gaza (U.N. News) Highlighting the devastating impact of the humanitarian crisis and increasing violence on Gaza’s children, the United Nations Children’s Fund has called on all parties with influence on the ground to prioritize their protection…

Gaza protests: Latest updates (Al Jazeera) Palestinians in the besieged Gaza Strip are protesting for the sixth Friday in a row as part of the Great March of Return movement. The rallies are part of a six-week protest that will culminate on 15 May to mark what Palestinians refer to as the “Nakba” or “catastrophe” — a reference to Israel’s establishment in 1948 and when 750,000 Arabs were forcibly removed from Palestine. Since the protests began on March 30, at least 41 Palestinians in the coastal enclave have been killed by Israeli forces and more than 7,000 wounded…

In rural Jordan, pulling power from the wind to make change on the ground (Christian Science Monitor) In a troubled tribal town in Jordan, residents are turning to wind energy to lift the region up from underdevelopment, unemployment, and unrest, and as a model for green energy…

‘Anti-conversion law’ approved in the state of Uttarakhand (Fides) Uttarakhand, in northern India, has become the seventh state of the Indian Federation to have approved an “anti-conversion law,” a tool often used by Hindu extremists to accuse Christians of “forced or fraudulent conversion”…

Syria rebels hand over arms in new deal with government (Al Monitor) Syrian rebels on Friday were surrendering their heavy weapons for the second day after agreeing with the government a new deal to withdraw from central towns, a war monitor said…



Tags: Syria India Lebanon Gaza Strip/West Bank Jordan

3 May 2018
Elias D. Mallon, S.A., Ph.D.




Construction workers lift wet concrete onto the roof of a new development in Kottayam, India. (photo: Peter Lemieux)

CNEWA works in many places where unemployment, long working hours and insufficient wages are endemic. The reasons for these conditions are varied: lack of opportunity, poor or no education, a culture of exploitation. CNEWA supports schools, vocation programs and job training to help people find work that promotes the common good of society and the good of families. This is accomplished by creating a situation in which workers can find dignity in their work and a just wage, which allows them and their families to enjoy the fruits of their work.

Work and human dignity are subjects long at the heart of Catholic social teaching — and they are subjects that gain renewed attention every year around “May Day,” marked on 1 May. On the Catholic liturgical calendar, this is also the feast of St. Joseph the Worker. Both of these observances are relatively recent.

The 19th century — with the technological advantages of the Industrial Revolution, the social disruption of large numbers of people moving to cities to find work and other forces — witnessed the rise of what we call, for lack of a better term, “the workers movement.”

Of course, there had always been workers — often slaves or semi-free serfs — but the conditions of the 19th century provided conditions different from what had been before. Dangerous and oppressive working conditions were common. One need only recall the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in New York on 25 March 1911. In that fire 146 people — some as young as 14 — died because the employers had locked them in to prevent them taking unpermitted breaks. The Haymarket Riots on 4 May 1886 started as peaceful demonstrations of workers asking for an eight-hour workday. It ended up with several workers and police being killed by bombs and other violence.

Conditions like this prevailed both in the United States and Europe. In response to the Haymarket Riots, a “pan-national” organization of socialist and communist parties in Europe called for a day or remembrance. The first day of May became Labor Day or International Workers Day through most of Europe. Even today 1 May is a holiday in many countries in Europe. (In 1955, Pope Pius XII adopted this date for the feast of St. Joseph the Worker — in part, in response to holidays being observed in communist countries.)

In the United States, a similar movement was taking place. Labor Day, the first Monday in September, was proposed as a holiday in 1882 and became a Federal holiday in 1894. Although neither of these days solved all or even most of the problems workers were enduring, at least it gave the concerns of workers a forum where they could be expressed.

At the same time, labor unions were beginning to evolve in the face of at times extremely violent opposition from management. This inevitably involved the church.

Legal and moral questions were being asked about the relationships and responsibilities that existed between workers and employers. While some religious people looked upon the situation as the way it had always been — and, therefore, part of God’s plan — some in the Catholic Church thought differently.

Cardinal James Gibbons of Baltimore (1834-1921) was an advocate for justice for American workers. Pope Leo XIII issued an encyclical “Rerum Novarum” (14 September 1891) which was a major stage in the development of Catholic Social teaching regarding the rights of worker and the relationship of mutual responsibility between workers and employers, labor and management. Pope John Paul II brought Catholic sociall teaching further with the encyclical “Laborem Exercens” (14 September 1981 — the 90th anniversary of “Rerum Novarum”). In his encyclical, the pope stressed the importance and dignity of work for human beings. Work, he explained, is part of the human vocation as custodians of Creation. Since work is essential to the well-being of society, workers have a right to just wages. By “just wages/recompense,” the pope is clear that he is not talking about mere subsistence wages that “allow” a family to live — if at all — from pay check to pay check. Workers, he wrote, have the right to share in the benefits of creation, which they are providing through their work and efforts.

Pope Francis last year expressed this idea beautifully.

As Catholic News Agency reported:

According to Christian tradition, [work] is more than a mere doing; it is, above all, a mission,” the pope said.

“We collaborate with the creative work of God when, through our work, we cultivate and preserve creation; we participate, in the Spirit of Jesus, in his redemptive mission, when by our activity we give sustenance to our families and respond to the needs of our neighbor.”

Jesus of Nazareth, who spent most of his life working as a carpenter, “invites us to follow in his footsteps through work,” he continued. This way, in the words of St. Ambrose, “every worker is the hand of Christ who continues to create and to do good.”

CNEWA seeks to give that idea meaning and purpose through our own work in some of the most troubled corners of the world — carrying that mission to others and, we hope, making the Gospel come alive among those we serve.



Tags: Economic hardships Pope John Paul II Employment

3 May 2018
Greg Kandra




Nermine, part of a group of young Iraqi refugees in Jordan, hopes one day to return to her homeland. Learn how she and others are being supported and helped by the Franciscan Missionaries of Mary, who are Inspiring the Faithful in Jordan, in the current edition of ONE. (photo: Nader Daoud)



Tags: Iraqi Christians Jordan Iraqi Refugees

3 May 2018
J.D. Conor Mauro




Palestinian couple Muaz Rukup and Hedil Naccar, medical officials who had worked during “Great March of Return” demonstrations, are seen during their wedding ceremony at a healthcare tent near Gaza-Israel border in Khan Yunis, Gaza, on 2 May 2018. (photo: Abed Rahim Khatib/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)

Israeli government: Gaza protests are state of war, human rights law doesn’t apply (Haaretz) In response to a High Court petition filed by human rights groups, the Israeli state has argued the protests by Palestinians on the Gaza border fall into the category of a state of war and thus human rights law does not apply to the rules of engagement. In their so-called March of Return, Gazans have been protesting each Friday at the Gaza border fence. In the demonstrations, the Israeli army has killed 45 protesters and wounded thousands…

Maronite bishops: After elections, government must aim to repatriate Syrian refugees (Fides) The parliament and the government that will be elected on Sunday, 6 May, will have to oppose the attempt to permanently impose on Lebanon the weight of the reception of Syrian refugees, Maronite bishops said in a pronouncement…

The Armenian Catholicos Karekin II calls for national reconciliation (AsiaNews) The head of the Armenian Apostolic Church, Catholicos Karekin II of All Armenia, with an appeal released yesterday, has called on the authorities and opposition to act within the framework of legality, and seek ways to resolve the political crisis in the country through dialogue…

Massive Indian dust storm kills more than 70, injures scores more (RT) A powerful dust storm in northern India has killed more than 70 people and injured more than 140 others on Wednesday. Many reportedly died in their sleep while the storm swept through their homes. India’s Hindustan Times reports that the storm left a trail of destruction in its wake, uprooting trees and affecting the electricity supply in the states of Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan…

U.S. officials return thousands of ancient Iraqi artifacts seized from Hobby Lobby (Christian Today) U.S. officials have returned more than 3,800 artifacts illegally obtained from suppliers in Iraq and sold to Hobby Lobby, the giant craft store chain owned by evangelical Christians. The artifacts had been smuggled into the country and Hobby Lobby had bought them for the Museum of the Bible, which opened last year in Washington, D.C. Hobby Lobby’s founder, Steve Green, is the museum’s chairman…

Egypt’s jailed journalists: In numbers (Al Jazeera) The U.N. cultural agency, UNESCO has awarded its World Press Freedom Prize to imprisoned Egyptian photojournalist Mahmoud Abu Zeid, despite criticism from the government of Abdel Fattah al Sisi following the announcement last week. Rights groups have reported an unparallelled crackdown on Egypt’s media in recent years and say there are signs it is getting worse…

Ecumenical Patriarch faces a hard choice over Ukraine (OCP Media Network) His All-Holiness Bartholomew is rightly believed to be the guardian of the Orthodox Christian unity. However, the recent visits to Fanar by President Poroshenko and Rostislav Pavlenko threw His All-Holiness into a dilemma. They want him to ecclesiastically legitimate the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church and the Kyivan Patriarchate so that their clergy would be able to form another independent church in Ukraine. Being blinded by the pre-election agenda, administration of the Ukrainian President takes no notice of some obstacles on the way to autocephaly…



Tags: India Egypt Gaza Strip/West Bank Armenian Apostolic Church Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I

2 May 2018
Greg Kandra




Kindergarteners participate eagerly at Rosa Gatorno Kindergarten not far from Boditi, Ethiopia. Read about their teachers in The Habit of Learning in the March 2018 edition of ONE. (photo: Don Duncan)



Tags: Ethiopia Children Sisters Catholic education





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