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Current Issue
Winter, 2016
Volume 42, Number 4
  
4 January 2016
Greg Kandra




Pope Francis kisses a figurine of the baby Jesus as he arrives to celebrate Mass marking the feast of Mary, Mother of God, in St. Peter’s Basilica at the Vatican 1 January 2016.
(photo: CNS/Paul Haring)




4 January 2016
Greg Kandra




Bishop Thomas Mar Eusebius Naickamparambil was nominated to be the first bishop of the newly-erected Syro-Malankara Eparchy of St. Mary, Queen of Peace, of the United States and Canada.
(photo: Vatican Radio)


Pope Francis erects new Syro-Malankara eparchy in the United States (Vatican Radio) Pope Francis on Monday erected the Syro-Malankara Eparchy of St. Mary, Queen of Peace, of the United States and Canada, nominating Bishop Thomas Mar Eusebius Naickamparambil as its first Bishop. The Eparchy consists of 11,500 faithful, especially in the US states of Illinois, Texas, Michigan, Florida, New York, and Washington, D.C., served by 19 priests in 19 parishes or missions. Three women religious Institutes also operate within the Eparchy’s territory. The Eparchy’s seat will be at St. Vincent de Paul Malankara Catholic Cathedral in Elmont, New York...

Saudi execution has “catastrophic effects” throughout Middle East (Fides) The sentencing to death of Shiite Imam Nimr Bakr al-Nimr, commissioned by the Saudi government on 2 January “has as immediate effect the worsening of the Lebanese institutional crisis, but its catastrophic effects are already being registered on all the scenarios of conflict that plague the Middle East, from Syria to Iraq and Yemen.” This is how Maronite priest Rouphael Zgheib, National Director of the Pontifical Mission Societies in Lebanon, describes the consequences triggered following the execution of the Shiite religious leader...

Holy See, State of Palestine Comprehensive Agreement goes into force (Vatican Radio) The Holy See announced on Saturday (2 Jan 2016) that the Comprehensive Agreement between the Holy See and the State of Palestine has come into full force. The Comprehensive Agreement was signed by the Holy See and the State of Palestine on 26 June 2015. It “regards essential aspects of the life and activity of the Church in Palestine, while at the same time reaffirming the support for a negotiated and peaceful solution to the conflict in the region...”

Ukraine bans Russian food products Ukraine says it will ban food products from Russia starting on January 10 in response to a similar measure taken by Moscow. The announcement comes amid East-West tensions over clashes in Ukraine between Ukrainian government forces and Russian-backed separatists...

Starvation as a tool in the war in Syria (Al Jazeera) Fighting from within, bombed from above, and now starvation. Syria's struggling population continues to dwindle as lives are lost to war and hunger. More than half of all Syrians are in need of humanitarian assistance. The UN says it is unable to help around two million children because they're blocked by fighting or siege. In some areas, the price of food has skyrocketed so that a kilogramme of rice now costs $100. While civilians are starving in Syrian towns, the international community is stalled on a political solution...

Earthquake rocks northeast India (Reuters) A powerful earthquake struck northeast India and Bangladesh on Monday, killing at least 11 people and injuring nearly 200, with efforts to reach remote areas where people may be trapped hampered by severed power lines and telecommunication links. The U.S. Geological Survey said the 6.8 magnitude quake was 57 km (35 miles) deep and struck 29 km (18 miles) west of Imphal, capital of India’s Manipur state, which borders Myanmar...



30 December 2015
J.D. Conor Mauro




The Rev. Androwas Bahus, a Melkite Greek Catholic priest working in Galilee, shares the view from the roof of St. Andrew the Apostle Church in Akko, Israel. To learn about Father Bahus and the Israeli Catholic communities he serves, read A Day in the Life of an Israeli Priest, the cover story of the new Winter 2015 edition of ONE. (photo: Ilene Perlman)



Tags: Israel Holy Land Cultural Identity Melkite Galilee

30 December 2015
J.D. Conor Mauro




In this 1996 photo, worshipers walk to the entrance of St. Mariam’s Orthodox Cathedral in Asmara, Eritrea. Earlier this week, the funeral of the fourth patriarch of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church was held in this distinctive cathedral. (photo: Raphael Gaillarde/Gamma‑Rapho via Getty Images)

Funeral held for fourth patriarch of Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church (AllAfrica) A funeral for the fourth patriarch of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahdo Church, Abune Dioskoros, was held on Saturday, 26 December, following a night-long vigil at St. Mariam Orthodox Cathedral in Asmara. Abune Dioskoros has led his church since his election by the Holy Synod of the Eritrean Orthodox Church in April 2007. Due to controversy surrounding the removal of his predecessor, Abune Antonios, several Oriental Orthodox sister churches — such as the Coptic Orthodox and Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo churches — disputed the legitimacy of the election of the late patriarch…

Ecumenical patriarch: ‘Refugee Jesus’ is authentic guardian of refugees (Pappas Post) In his annual Christmas message, Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, spiritual leader of the world’s 300 million Orthodox Christians, described as “truly a disgrace for the entire human race” the fact that children who have a right to life, education and development within their own family are forced to leave their homeland. Offering help and assistance to these brothers and sisters is “the most precious gifts of the wise men to the newborn Lord.” Forced to flee Herod’s murderous intentions, the child Jesus “is the authentic guardian of today’s refugees…”

Chaldean patriarch: Christian persecution a crime against humanity (National Catholic Register) “In one night, 120,000 Christians left their homes just with their clothes and have been living in camps for one and a half years. Is this not a crime against humanity?” Chaldean Patriarch Louis Raphael I of Baghdad spoke of this and other serious hardships and persecutions against Christians at a recent Rome conference on religious freedom…

Moscow archbishop: A holy year to boost Catholic and Orthodox collaboration (AsiaNews) The Jubilee of Mercy is an opportunity to boost the cooperation and communication between Catholics and Orthodox, in support of the family, the poor, prisoners and the disabled, says Roman Catholic Archbishop Paolo Pezzi of Mother of God at Moscow…

Syrian army backed by Russian jets enters rebel-held southern town (Daily Star Lebanon) Syrian troops fought their way into a rebel-held town in the southern province of Dara’a Wednesday in an assault which rebels said was supported by the heaviest Russian aerial bombing campaign so far in the south…

Israeli group helps blockaded Gazans negotiate path to outside world (Christian Science Monitor) The phone calls from Gaza start in the morning. There are students trying to get to universities abroad; a daughter trying to see a terminally ill parent in the West Bank; a bride trying to get to her own wedding in Jordan. On the other end of the line — at a cluttered desk in a cramped Tel Aviv office — sits Shadi Bathish, a 39-year-old paralegal who helps Palestinians navigate the Israeli military’s sometimes Kafkaesque bureaucracy and obtain the rare permits to exit the blockaded coastal territory. The job makes Mr. Bathish one of the few Israelis with a direct line to the hardships of Gaza residents, many of whose homes and neighborhoods were destroyed by the 2014 war between Hamas and Israel…



Tags: Syria Gaza Strip/West Bank Christian Unity Eritrea Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I

29 December 2015
Michael J.L. La Civita




An Orthodox priest holds a cross during the Meskel festival in Asmara, where thousands of people have gathered in the Eritrean capital to celebrate the finding of Christ’s cross by Saint Helen, some 1700 years ago. (photo: Nicolas Germain/AFP/Getty Images)

Though Eritrea’s political history began some 23 years ago, this northeast African nation has rich cultural roots dating back some 3,000 years, when Semitic peoples from the Arabian Peninsula first crossed the Red Sea and settled in the Horn of Africa. These cultural roots are not exclusively Eritrean, but a shared legacy with its symbiotic neighbor to the south, Ethiopia.

While Eritreans and Ethiopians share many elements of a common history and culture, Eritreans have forged a separate identity. Perhaps the single greatest element binding the two nations — the Christian faith and its cultural expression — may best have influenced the evolution of Eritrean self-determination.

Of the nation’s 6.3 million people, more than 50 percent are Christian. Although Catholics and evangelical Protestants are prominent in various ministries, most Christians belong to the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church. About 45 percent of the population is Sunni Muslim; animists and unbelievers make up the balance of the population. There have been some tensions among the religious communities, particularly with the influx of evangelical Christian missionaries from the United States, but generally these communities coexist harmoniously.

Historically, Eritrea’s Orthodox Christians have played a prominent role: advocating common bonds with Ethiopians; condemning Ethiopian atrocities and sheltering soldiers in monasteries in times of war; issuing calls for peace with their Ethiopian colleagues; providing care to all Eritreans in need, regardless of creed. Since independence, Eritrea’s Orthodox Church has been reorganized, its strengthened administrative structure poised to make an even greater impact.


Eritrean youth celebrate in Asmara during a colorful Epiphany festival. The festival, also known as ‘Timkat’ in the local Tigrinya language, is a commemoration of the Baptism of Jesus observed annually among the Orthodox Christians. (photo: Stringer/AFP/Getty Images)

Until 1991, Eritrea’s Orthodox Christians formed a single diocese of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. In July 1993 — just a few months after Eritreans overwhelmingly approved independence from Ethiopia — a delegation of Eritrean Orthodox Christians, bearing a letter of support from Eritrea’s respected Orthodox leader, Abune Philipos, visited the head of the Coptic Orthodox Church, Pope Shenouda III, in Cairo. They appealed for his support for the canonical erection of an independent Eritrean Orthodox Church that would nevertheless remain in full communion with the Coptic and Ethiopian Orthodox churches.

Pope Shenouda subsequently recognized their request. A signed protocol provided for strengthening cooperation between the two churches, including a joint general synod at least every three years; the formation of a common theological dialogue team; and the creation of a permanent committee to tackle theological formation, catechesis, youth and family programs, social services and development projects.

The then patriarch of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, Abune Paulos, also sanctioned the new church’s self-governance and issued a joint statement with Abune Philipos pledging mutual support.

In July 1994 Pope Shenouda consecrated five bishops, all drawn from Eritrea’s monasteries, who were elected to serve as diocesan bishops. These five men formed the nucleus of a synod that eventually elected the 96-year-old Abune Philipos, heralded by Eritreans as “the father of resistance to Ethiopian oppression,” as patriarch in 1998.

Click here to read more about the church and its subsequent development.



Tags: Eastern Christianity Eastern Churches Eritrea

29 December 2015
J.D. Conor Mauro




Carpatho-Rusyn Greek Catholic Bishop Milan Sasik, C.M., shows off a model of a church in the distinctive Rusyn style, built from wooden joints without the use of nails. To learn more, read our recent profile of Bishop Milan, or our feature on his rapidly reviving church, Out From Underground. (photo: Igor Grigoryev)



Tags: Ukraine Cultural Identity Carpatho-Rusyn Ruysn Ruthenians

29 December 2015
J.D. Conor Mauro




Farmers harvest crops from their fields in October in Alaga, Ethiopia. (photo: Thomas Imo/Photothek via Getty Images)

In Ethiopia, drought threatens to overshadow progress (Newsweek) This year’s drought comes despite Ethiopia’s strides in economic development over the past decade. The country’s GDP growth hovered around 10 percent between 2013 and 2014, ranking it among the fastest-growing economies in the world. But the county’s economy is heavily invested in agriculture, which accounts for 38 percent of Ethiopia’s GDP and 80 percent of nationwide employment. If the drought continues it will undoubtedly affect Ethiopia’s economy…

Too early to cheer victory over ISIS in Ramadi, experts say (AINA) Washington is hailing Iraq’s recapture of Ramadi from ISIS as a key step forward in the global battle against terror, but it may still be too early to celebrate. Ramadi, the capital of Iraq’s Anbar province, was seized by the militant organization in May. On Monday, Iraqi government forces finally declared victory after months of fighting, with televised images showing the Iraqi flag flying at a government complex. “They are still clearing out pockets of the city, there’s going to be a long process before they can call Ramadi secure. And then, there’s still the continuing threat from IS, which still holds Fallujah and other areas in Anbar,” said Iraqi General Ismail al Mahlawi, head of military operations in Anbar.

Refugees find freedoms and dangers in Brazil (Los Angeles Times) For many newly arrived Syrians in Sao Paulo, it is hard to find work, hard to communicate, hard to live in constant fear of street crime. They think of it as temporary refuge en route to more permanent homes, in more familiar lands. But in this freewheeling megacity of horizon-to-horizon skyscrapers and vertiginous freedoms, some also find space to remake themselves, in ways large and small…

A refugee’s journey: After risking everything to reach Europe, what next? (The Guardian) Earlier this year Patrick Kingsley met a Syrian family in Cairo and learned about their harrowing journey to Egypt. Patrick followed the father, Hashem al Souki, as he gambled on crossing the Mediterranean to seek asylum for them all in Sweden. Six months later he catches up with Hashem to see what happened next…

Syrian rebels shell Shiite villages after local truce, residents say (Daily Star Lebanon) Syrian rebels shelled two Shiite villages in the northwest of the country on Tuesday, killing at least one person, residents said, a day after pro-government fighters and civilians left the area for Turkey under a local ceasefire agreement…



Tags: Syria Iraq Refugees Ethiopia Drought

28 December 2015
J.D. Conor Mauro




Iraqi Assyro-Chaldean refugees play at a summer camp in Qartaba, Lebanon. To learn more about Iraqi Christian refugees in Lebanon, read In Limbo in Lebanon from the Autumn 2015 edition of ONE. (photo: Tamara Abdul Hadi)



Tags: Lebanon Iraqi Christians Iraqi Refugees Youth Iraqi

28 December 2015
J.D. Conor Mauro




Iraqi security forces wave their flag on 28 December after recapturing the city of Ramadi, the capital of Iraq’s Anbar province, about 70 miles west of Baghdad. (photo: Ahmad al Rubaye/AFP/Getty Images)

Iraq declares Ramadi liberated from ISIS, sweeps for bombs (Daily Star Lebanon) Iraq declared the city of Ramadi liberated from ISIS Monday and raised the national flag over its government complex after clinching a landmark victory against the extremists…

ISIS bomb Assyrian homes, monastery in Iraq, vandalizes cemeteries (AINA) Two days ago ISIS bombed ten Assyrian homes and a monastery in the Assyrian village of Tel Kaif in north Iraq. The blasts injured several people. The monastery belonged to Assyrian sisters. According to residents, ISIS threatened to bomb Assyrian homes in other villages in the area…

Christmas in Syria (Sputnik) [Slideshow] Despite the tense and volatile situation in Syria, the Christian residents of Damascus celebrate Christmas with a festive flair…

Syrian journalist who exposed ISIS Aleppo atrocities assassinated in Turkey (RT) A prominent Syrian journalist and filmmaker, known for his anti-Islamic State documentaries, was gunned down by unknown assailants in broad daylight in Gaziantep, Turkey. This is the third assassination of a journalist in the country over the last three months…

Catholic bishops react to anti-Christian extremist rabbi (Fides) The Assembly of Catholic Ordinary Bishops of the Holy Land condemned “with dismay” recent anti-Christian statements disseminated by Rabbi Benzi Gopstein. In recent days, the rabbi, known for his extremist positions and leader of the far-right Jewish nationalist Lehava movement, published his proposal on a website to ban Christian holidays and expel Christians from Israel, “before these vampires,” wrote Gopstein, “drink our blood…”



Tags: Syria Iraq Israel ISIS

23 December 2015
CNEWA staff




Nabil Jelil Daud and his wife, Semira Ayup Miha, both from Qaraqosh, Iraq, now live in a camp for internally displaced people in Erbil. “It is very difficult to be happy on this Christmas because we are outside our homes,” Mr. Daud said. (photo: CNS/Oscar Durand)

The holiday season this year is dramatically different for many in Iraq. CNS’s Oscar Durand reports:

Habiba Daud remembers Christmas in Qaraqosh as beautiful. The festivities would start days before with the preparation of traditional food and desserts. Families celebrated around a large Christmas tree.

On Christmas her family and friends gathered to enjoy the food and spend time together, chatting and playing with the children.

This year will be the second Christmas Daud will spend away from her home, against her wishes. In August 2014, Islamic State fighters seized Qaraqosh, a city less than 20 miles southeast of Mosul.

The Islamic State attacks in northern Iraq displaced more than 120,000 Christians, as well as minority Muslims and Yezidis.

In the first weeks the displaced lived in tents and temporary shelters in parks and churches. Today in Ain Kawa, there are eight camps where refugees live in plastic trailers locals call “caravans.” Many rent apartments or live with friends and family in others parts of Iraq.

Read more.

The video below, co-sponsored by CNEWA and CNS, offers a vivid and poignant glimpse at how displaced Iraqi Christians are celebrating Christmas this year. Please keep them in your prayers this season. And to remember them in a special way, visit this link.



Tags: Iraq Iraqi Christians Iraqi Refugees





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