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December, 2018
Volume 44, Number 4
13 May 2016
Greg Kandra

Father Jorge Faraj distributes blessed bread following the celebration of the Divine Liturgy.
(photo: Carina Wint)

There’s a thriving group of Middle Eastern Christians in Honduras, and we paid a visit a few years ago:

There are as many as 220,000 Arab-Hondurans. While they represent only 3 percent of the total population of 7.3 million people, they have had an outsized influence on the nation. They are most visible in business and only slightly less so in politics. Centro Social’s president, Juan Canahuati, a textile magnate with numerous other entrepreneurial activities, is considered the country’s top businessman. Coffee exporter and former Industry and Commerce Minister Oscar Kafati’s ancestors immigrated to Honduras in the late 19th century from Beit Jala, a Christian town adjacent to Bethlehem. Former President Carlos Flores Facusse’s mother came from Bethlehem.

Arab immigration to Latin America is not unique to Honduras nor are such success stories. To take just two prominent examples: former Argentine President Carlos Ménem (1989-1999) traces his roots to Syria; Mexico’s telecommunications titan, Carlos Slim Helu, the world’s third richest man, is of Lebanese descent. Nearly all Arab-Hondurans claim Christian Palestinian origins, making the Arab-Honduran experience unique. Proportionally, there are more people of Palestinian descent in Honduras than any other Latin American country.

...Today, the country’s only Orthodox parish, the Iglesia Ortodoxa de Antioquena San Juan Bautista in San Pedro Sula, serves more than 200 families. It is pastored by Father Jorge Faraj, a married priest whose grandparents came to Honduras from Beit Sahour, another Christian town near Bethlehem.

Father Jorge estimated that about 45 percent of Arab-Hondurans remain Orthodox, including a small number of Hondurans from Lebanon. “But I’m the only Orthodox priest, so it is difficult for me to serve the entire country,” he said.

While most Arab-Hondurans live in San Pedro Sula, there are also large numbers in Tegucigalpa and other cities. “These cities don’t have their own Orthodox parishes, and I can visit them only so often,” said the priest. “So, these people tend to attend Catholic churches. But then, they’ll come to San Pedro Sula for a visit, and they’ll always come to an Orthodox service here.”

Read more about being Middle Eastern, Central American Style in the September 2006 edition of ONE.

13 May 2016
Greg Kandra

In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia today, Commissioner of Ethiopia National Disaster Risk Management, Mitiku Kassa, left, and USAID Acting Assistant Administrator, Thomas H. Staal, right, hold a joint press conference to discuss increased aid for the drought-stricken country.
(photo: Moohammed Abdu Abdulbaqi/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)

U.S. Donates 128 million for Ethiopian drought relief (Bloomberg) The U.S. Agency for International Development said it will donate almost $128 million to support more than 10 million Ethiopians suffering from the country’s worst drought in half a century. The funds will pay for food, water, malnutrition treatment, mobile health teams and seeds, Acting Assistant Administrator for the Bureau of Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Affairs Thomas Staal told reporters in Ethiopia’s capital, Addis Ababa, on Friday...

Vatican releases pope’s itinerary for Armenia visit (Vatican Radio) The official programme for Pope Francis’ 3-day visit to Armenia from 24th to 26th June was released on Friday...

Iraqi Christian refugees forced to sign document supporting independence of Kurdistan (Fides) A fair number of Christian Assyrians, Chaldean and Syrian displaced, who took refuge in the city of Dohuk after their villages were conquered by the jihadists of ISIS, were forced to sign a petition in recent days in support of the proclamation of an independent Kurdish State in Iraqi Kurdistan. This was reported by local sources, consulted by Agenzia Fides. site also publishes a facsimile of the signature collection form, with a space to register the identity card and mobile phone number...

“Garden of Mercy” inaugurated in Jordan (Fides) A company dedicated to “sustainable” agriculture, with 600 olive trees planted on an area of 10 thousand square meters, which employs 15 workers, chosen among the Iraqi refugees but also among the unemployed Jordanians: this is the “garden of mercy,” humanitarian project inaugurated yesterday, Thursday, 12 May in Amman, at the Centre “Our Lady of Peace,” in the presence of His Beatitude Fouad Twal, Patriarch of Jerusalem of the Latins, and of Archbishop Alberto Ortega Martin, Apostolic Nunzio in Jordan and Iraq...

Gaza hosts human rights film festival (The Jerusalem Post) While the Cannes Film Festival rolled out the red carpet in France, another red carpet was laid among the rubble of Gaza City. Thursday marked the beginning of the Karama-Gaza Human Rights film festival, the first film festival of its kind to focus on human rights across the world...

12 May 2016
Greg Kandra

Sister Sophie Boueri, D.C., with one of her young friends at the Creche in Bethlehem.
(photo: CNS/Paul Haring)

Sister Sophie Boueri, D.C., spent much of her life caring for the tiniest and most helpless: young orphans who found love and care at the Creche, a home for unwanted children in Bethlehem. In 2011, CNEWA’s Msgr. John Kozar caught up with this spirited sister and, like everyone who meets her, was in awe:

The director of the facility is named Sister Sophie and she is something special. This sister is the embodiment of the protector of little babies and the unwanted. She loves each and every one of the 91 childen cared for at the Creche.

She took us to a room with little ones ranging in age from a few days old to about nine months. One of the babies was left at a big garbage dump, another at Sister Sophie’s doorstep. Some children were dropped off for various reasons. There is no legal system for adoption in Palestine and Muslim tradition does not allow for it, so this is a big challenge. But Sister Sophie, her staff and her many volunteers still present loving smiles to all who visit.

But at an age when most people are trying to take it easy, 83-year-old Sister Sophie then took on one more tough job in a tough corner of the world. After nurturing young orphans in the West Bank for decades, she turned her attention to another group of orphans: abandoned elderly women in her native Lebanon. Her order, the Daughters of Charity, has a worldwide charism to help the poor and the marginalized.

She spoke with us last year about her new mission:

ONE: Tell me about your work in Lebanon.

Sister Sophie: We have 40 elderly women who live in our home. Some are sisters and others are women who have no families or who have been abandoned by their families. We have one doctor and ten staff members. I am the only sister. All the women are Christians, and we accept all rites — Maronite, Orthodox, Latin. We ask only that they be Christian because we take them to Mass every day.

ONE: What kinds of activities do you provide for your residents?

SS: I take them to daily Mass and to receive the sacraments. I walk with them and I am present with them all the time. Once a patient gets better and they can move, I take them on little field trips to places such as the Marian shrine in Harissa or St. Sharbel Monastery.

ONE: What keeps you strong enough to help the elderly when you are elderly yourself?

SS: Only him! I promised Jesus a long time ago I would help all people. This is a promise I cannot break. All my life I have seen the poor and I cannot see them without helping them. Do you see how poor they are? And Sister Sophie also is very poor.

To support heroic people such as Sister Sophie, serving the poor in Lebanon, visit this giving page.

12 May 2016
Greg Kandra

Aemenuhi Khachatrian, 73, has lived alone for more than six years in Yerevan. To learn more about the challenges facing Armenia’s elderly, and what’s being done to help them, read A Letter From Armenia in the Summer 2015 edition of ONE. (photo: Nazik Armenakyan)

12 May 2016
Greg Kandra

In the video above, African journalists report on the devastating floods that have hit Ethiopia, displacing thousands still coping with a massive and relentless drought. (video: CCTV/YouTube)

Flash floods displace tens of thousands in Ethiopia (Reuters) Flash floods displaced nearly 120,000 people in Ethiopia last month and a total of almost half a million are expected to be affected this year, government and humanitarian agencies said on Wednesday. The floods are part of the global El Niño weather phenomenon that had previously caused a severe drought in the Horn of Africa nation following successive failed rains...

Turkey threatens stronger military action in Syria (The Wall Street Journal) President Recep Tayyip Erdogan threatened Thursday to take stronger military action inside Syria to halt relentless Islamic State rocket attacks that have brought life in parts of one Turkish border town to a standstill. After weeks of deadly Islamic State strikes, Mr. Erdogan suggested that Turkey was prepared to send troops into neighboring Syria to bring an end to attacks on Kilis, the Turkish town nominated this year for a Nobel Peace Prize for welcoming so many Syrian refugees...

Moscow patriarch: Fight against terrorism is a ‘holy war’ (Fides) “Today the fight against terrorism is a holy war.” This is the strong message used by Kirill, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, to support the need for a joint mobilization of the international community against a phenomenon which he presented as a global evil. The expression, together with explicit references to the Russian military intervention in the Syrian conflict, was used by the Primate of the Russian Orthodox Church on the occasion of a ceremony held to commemorate the fallen Russians of World War II, on 6 May...

Study looks at the role of Christianity in Israeli society (Pew Research) Christians currently make up just 2% of Israel’s adult population. Indeed, as of 2010, Christians made up a small share (4%) of the population in the Middle East-North Africa region as a whole. A Pew Research Center survey of Israel provides a rare window into the religious beliefs and practices of this close-knit group...

Christian school workers stage demonstration in Ramallah (Fides) A qualified representation of Christian school staff took part yesterday, Wednesday, 11 May, in a new public mobilization organized in Ramallah, calling for the revision of the Social Security legislation approved by Palestinian authorities last March...

Pope: Vatican will study question of women deacons (CNS) Pope Francis told the heads of women’s religious orders from around the world that he would set up a commission to study the New Testament deaconesses and he also insisted more can and should be done to involve lay and consecrated women in church decision-making at every level. Asked if he would establish “an official commission to study the question” of whether women could be admitted to the diaconate, Pope Francis responded: “I accept. It would be useful for the church to clarify this question. I agree...”

11 May 2016
Greg Kandra

Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria, patriarch of the Coptic Orthodox Church, leads a 2015 service at St. Mark Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in Cairo. Although Coptic Orthodox Christians and Catholics have much to do to achieve eucharistic communion, they still can witness together to the importance of holiness and the dignity of human life, Pope Francis said in a letter to the patriarch. Read more about the letter here. And discover more about the Copts in the pages of ONE magazine. (photo: CNS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany, Reuters)

11 May 2016
Greg Kandra

In this picture from 2014, a Christian family who fled from violence in Mosul, Iraq, sit in the room of a church in Amman, Jordan. The Vatican is funding a job-creation program for Iraqi refugees in Jordan, a country that is hosting close to 1.5 million refugees, but is struggling to provide work for them. (photo: CNS/Jamal Nasrallah, EPA)

Vatican funds job-creation project for refugees in Jordan (CNS) The Vatican is funding a job-creation program for Iraqi refugees in Jordan, a country that is hosting close to 1.5 million refugees, but is struggling to provide work for them. With $150,000 donated to the Vatican by visitors to its pavilion at the World’s Fair in Milan in 2015, the Vatican will provide the funding that Caritas Jordan needs to launch the project...

Pope Francis sends letter to Coptic patriarch on Day of Friendship (Vatican Radio) 10 May marks the anniversary of the first encounter between Pope Paul VI, the Bishop of Rome, and head of the Coptic Orthodox Church, Pope Shenouda III, which took place 43 years ago. Today, on the Day of Friendship between Copts and Catholics, Pope Francis has written to His Holiness Tawadros II, Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of Saint Mark, to commemorate the occasion...

Cardinal: Don’t let Marrakesh Declaration be ignored (CNS) Noting the untimely death of previous declarations of Muslim comity with other faiths, Cardinal Theodore E. McCarrick, Washington’s retired archbishop, urged that the Marrakesh Declaration, drafted in January to have the same effect, not remain ignored. Cardinal McCarrick, during a 10 May “Newsmaker” assembly at the National Press Club in Washington, referred to the Medina Charter issued by the Prophet Muhammad, the founder of Islam, which allowed Muslims and non-Muslim “tribes,” including Jews, to live in Medina in peace and to come together for common defense...

Ethiopia hosts conference on hate speech (Vatican Radio) A two day forum exploring the role of religious leaders in Africa in preventing hate crime and atrocities, is taking place in Addis Abada, Ethiopia. Religious leaders from across Africa have gathered for the forum, which is co-sponsored by the Office of the UN Special Advisor on the prevention of Genocide, the World Council of Churches and the King Abdulla bin Abdulaziz Centre for Interreligious and Intercultural Dialogue (KAICIID)...

10 May 2016
Carl Hétu

François Moniz, left, takes a break with his wife, Edith, during a 2014 rally in Ottawa to show support for Iraq’s persecuted Christians. (photo: CNEWA)

One year ago today, CNEWA lost a beloved member of our family, François Moniz. We asked CNEWA’s national director in Canada, Carl Hétu, to reflect on this unsung hero.

François Moniz isn’t known to most people outside of the CNEWA family. He was CNEWA Canada’s first office administrator from December 2004 until his death on 10 May 2015.

Back in 2004, François had a full time job in the private sector in administration. But he was out on sick leave, fighting a vicious cancer. After several treatments during the winter and spring of 2004, he was told that nothing had worked and his days were numbered. Knowing this, I brought him back some oil from the tomb of Saint Sharbel in Lebanon. Sharbel was a 19th century monk who was canonized in the 1960’s. Many miracles have been attributed to him.

A couple of months later, after using the oil and with many prayers, François learned some amazing news: the tumor was gone. The doctors were shocked. A real miracle! Before he went back to his job, I asked François if he could give me a hand with his free time in laying out the plan to start CNEWA Canada. I had known him for over 25 years, and I knew I could take advantage of his administrative expertise.

As we sat discussing how to proceed, it became obvious that he was the perfect person to join me in this new challenge. So I offered him the job and I remember his words that day: “I’ve never worked for the church, but I guess I owe one to God.” He turned out to be a superb fit.

The years passed by and CNEWA Canada grew. François was an important part of that growth, and we shared many exciting hours of planning, debating, and evaluating. But then, his cancer reappeared in 2013. This time, we knew that the chances of survival were slim; he needed an operation to remove the tumors. Yet, six months after the surgery, in July 2014, he was back on the job. “You’re back too early,” I told him. He replied, “Not early enough.” He couldn’t stand to be away.

In October of that year, the cancer returned in full force. But even then, François came to the office. He missed some days, but remained very committed. I would say to him, “Stay home, we can manage.” And he would reply, “Carl it’s not from home that I can make a difference.”

Finally, in February 2015, he told me that he would be leaving his job. Heartbroken and sad, we hugged each other, both of us knowing he would never come back. I visited him in the hospital during his final days, and he told me, “You know, working for CNEWA was God’s plan, not mine. And I am privileged that he allowed me to help so many people all over the world.”

François cared. To the end, he was committed to CNEWA’s mission.

He did such a good job that I believe God needed François for other purposes. God called him home on 10 May 2015, Mother’s Day. He was 56.

François left behind his wife, Edith, two children and three brothers.

Thank you, François, for your honesty, objectivity, professionalism and, above all, your friendship.

10 May 2016
Greg Kandra

In this image from 2007, an Ethiopian seminarian leads a procession. Ethiopia’s Orthodox Church finds modernization challenging some long-held traditions. How is it coping? Read Ethiopian Orthodoxy at a Crossroads from the November 2007 edition of ONE. (photo: Sean Sprague)

10 May 2016
Greg Kandra

Indonesians take part in a demonstration in solidarity with the civilians of the northern Syrian city of Aleppo in front of Syrian Embassy in Jakarta, Indonesia, on 9 May 2016. A fragile cease-fire in Aleppo has been extended another 48 hours.
(photo: Agnes Rudianto/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)

Syrian government extends cease-fire (The Washington Post) The Syrian military on Monday extended a fragile cease-fire that had broken down in the northern city of Aleppo, as the United States and Russia worked together to try to get peace talks back on track and quell the violence. Shortly before the cease-fire was due to expire and as fighting raged in the northern city of Aleppo, the Syrian military announced that the truce would be extended for 48 hours...

U.S. Announces $50 million aid program for Gaza (AP) The United States has announced a $50 million aid program for the Gaza Strip. U.S. officials said Monday that the money will be used over five years to provide basic humanitarian assistance and create jobs. The money will be distributed by the U.S Agency for International Development in partnership with Catholic Relief Services...

Indian bishops condemn rape and murder of Dalit student in Kerala (Vatican Radio) The Catholic bishops of India have joined political parties, rights activists, women organizations and others in condemning the rape and brutal murder of a young Dalit law student in southern India’s Kerala state. The 30-year-old student by the name of Jisha was raped and murdered at her home in Perumbavoor on 28 April...

New bishop appointed to Phoenix eparchy (CNS) Pope Francis has appointed Bishop John S. Pazak of the Byzantine Eparchy of Sts. Cyril and Methodius of Toronto as bishop of the Holy Protection of Mary Eparchy of Phoenix. The Pope accepted the resignation of Bishop Gerald Dino, 76, of the Phoenix eparchy, where he had served eight years...

Chaldean patriarch writes about priests who have emigrated to U.S. without permission (Fides) Chaldean Patriarch Louis Raphael I, writing to the priests, religious and faithful of the Chaldean diocese in the U.S., says to divide the ecclesial body into separate groups is a “serious sin,” in a time when the Chaldean Church is also prompted by the dramatic historical circumstances which guards unity with special care. For this reason, he said, even the communities in diaspora that belong to the eparchy of St. Peter of the Chaldeans, based in San Diego, California, are called to walk the path of reconciliation, and take advantage of the new Apostolic Administrator to favor the return to its “excellent start.” He made this comments in the letter which he also announces the appointment of Archbishop Shlemon Warduni, auxiliary Bishop of Baghdad as their Apostolic Administrator, waiting for the Chaldean Synod to proceed to the election of the new Bishop, after Saturday, 7 May...

Israeli general compares Jewish state to Nazi Germany (The Washington Post) On the eve of Holocaust Remembrance Day last week, a top Israeli general gave a speech saying he saw “revolting trends” in today’s Israel that he compared to Nazi-era Germany and Europe in the 1930s. No surprise — this has created a big stir in Israel, flaring again Sunday...

India rejects U.S. report on religious freedom (RNS) India is rejecting a U.S. panel’s charges that the religious freedom of minorities in the world’s largest democracy is being violated with tacit support from elements in the ruling party. By contrast, leaders of the country’s Christian and Muslim minorities welcomed the findings of the report by the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF), released on Monday (2 May) in Washington...

Visiting the ancient Ethiopian churches carved into the mountains (The Daily Mail) For centuries, young men and boys have climbed the steep mountainsides of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia, to reach ancient churches carved into the side of the jagged rock faces. Believed to have been built over a thousand years ago, churches in these remote mountains have been a place of worship and study for Orthodox Christians in the region. Hoping to get closer to God literally and figuratively, the young students risk their lives on a daily basis as they scale the cliff-sides to get to the churches where teachers have spent decades studying holy scriptures...

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