Current Issue
September, 2019
Volume 45, Number 3
11 January 2018
Greg Kandra

In the video above, Cardinal Edwin O’Brien says changes to the situation in Jerusalem will have repercussions, including violence. A report released yesterday says terror attacks in Israel have tripled since President Trump announced the U.S. would recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.
(video: Rome Reports)

Earthquakes jolt Iran-Iraq border (CBS News) A series of eight earthquakes hit the Iran-Iraq border area and rattled even Baghdad and parts of the Iraqi countryside on Thursday, apparently aftershocks of a temblor in November that killed over 530 people. There were no immediate reports of injuries or damage...

Report: terror attacks tripled after Trump’s Jerusalem recognition (The Daily Beast) Terror attacks in Israel and the West Bank tripled after President Trump moved to recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, the Shin Bet security service said in a new report...

Syrian refugee sets himself ablaze at UN office in Lebanon (The Times of Israel) A Syrian refugee in Lebanon set himself on fire Wednesday outside a UN office in desperation at aid getting cut off to his family, suffering serious burns. Refugee agency UNHCR and the World Food Program told AFP that the man — named by family as 43-year-old father of four Ryad Khalaf Zibou — “set himself alight” at a UN compound in the northern city of Tripoli. “This tragic incident underscores the pressures and difficulties facing many refugees, who are becoming increasingly vulnerable and who — in rare cases — resort to such desperate acts,” the agencies said in a joint statement...

Report: Twice as many Christians killed worldwide last year (The Tablet) More than 3,000 Christians were killed worldwide last year for their faith, twice as many as the previous year, a report by the charity Open Doors has found. Of the 11 worst countries for Christians to live in, all are now classed as places of extreme persecution — more than ever before in 26 years of the World Watch List, which is published annually by the charity...

Syrian army reports Israeli missile attacks on Damascus (Sputnik) According to Syria’s state media, the Syrian Army reported that Israel had attacked targets near the war-torn nation’s capital with jets and ground-to-ground missiles early on Tuesday, causing damage. Syria retaliated, according to the statement; its air defenses hit an Israeli aircraft and intercepted several missiles which had been launched from within Israel...

Church in Ukraine attacked, desecrated (TASS) Unknown attackers robbed and desecrated the St Panteleimon’s church in the city of Chernomorsk, Odessa region, the Odessa diocese of the canonical Ukrainian Orthodox Church reporting to Moscow Patriarchate said at its homepage on Wednesday. “The malefactors penetrated the building though a door located at its rear side,” the report said. “In search for loot, they ripped up all the alms boxes. Upon seeing they boxes didn’t contain the desired amounts of money, the attackers began to smash the altar and everything around them...”

10 January 2018
Greg Kandra

Students play outside of St. Vincent de Paul School in Alexandria, Egypt. Learn more about the school and the Daughters of Charity who run it in the current edition of ONE. (photo: Roger Anis)

10 January 2018
Greg Kandra

Clergy gather to inaugurate the Shamshabad Eparchy in Telengana on Sunday 7 January. The first bishop, Raphael Thattil, is shown, fourth from the left. (photo: Vatican Radio)

Syro-Malabar church inaugurates new diocese (Vatican Radio) India-based Syro-Malabar Catholic Church (SMC) on Sunday inaugurated a new diocese that Pope Francis had announced last year to provide pastoral care to India’s SMC faithful living outside their existing dioceses. Shamshabad Eparchy in Telengana state, became the 31st diocese of the eastern rite Church on 7 January with a Holy Mass and ceremony that included the installation of its first head, Bishop Raphael Thattil...

Egypt’s president attends Coptic Christmas liturgy under tight security (The Catholic Herald) In a show of solidarity with Egypt’s embattled Christians, President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi on Saturday made a symbolic appearance at an Orthodox Christmas Liturgy in a new cathedral as tens of thousands of soldiers and police deployed outside churches across the country in anticipation of possible attacks by Islamic militants...

Ukraine language reform fuels identity crisis among ethnic Hungarians (AFP) Numbering around 100,000, ethnic Hungarians constitute the largest minority group in Transcarpathia, a western Ukrainian region behind the Carpathian Mountains that was once part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Over the past few months the region has been at the heart of tensions between Ukraine and Hungary following the adoption by Kiev of a controversial law that seeks to oblige schools to teach in the Ukrainian language...

Rome conference looks at promise, peril of ecumenism and interfaith dialogue (Crux) Participants at a global conference in Rome this week on ecumenism and interreligious dialogue pondered both the promise and peril of divisions within different Christian and religious traditions, not just among them, acknowledging those tensions often get in the way of forging closer ties, but also insisting they have an upside. One expert went so far as to issue a rule of thumb for understanding another tradition — don’t focus just on where that tradition is compact, he said, but also where people are fighting among themselves...

U.S. bishops promote messages for National Migration Week (Vatican Radio) The bishops of the United States have chosen the theme “Many Journeys, One Family” for this year’s observance. The theme highlights the fact that migration is common to all families, since all families at some point, whether in the distant past or more recently, have stories of migration...

9 January 2018
J.D. Conor Mauro

Teachers and staff members distribute uniforms made by students at the Kidist Mariam Center among local schoolchildren in Meki, Ethiopia. To learn more about this educational center operated by the Community of St. Paul, read No Place Like Home in the December 2017 edition of ONE. (photo: Petterik Wiggers)

Tags: Ethiopia Education Catholic

9 January 2018
J.D. Conor Mauro

In this late-December photo, Syrian children play in the Awde refugee camp, which hosts around 2,500 people in tents and prefabricated homes. (photo: Furkan Guldemir/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)

Syrian refugees in Lebanon becoming poorer, more vulnerable with time (U.N. News Centre) More than half the war-weary Syrian refugees in Lebanon are living in extreme poverty and borrowing money for food and to pay rent has become commonplace, the United Nations reported Tuesday. This news came with a warning that more of these refugees find themselves dependent on international aid amid an uncertain outlook for humanitarian funding in 2018…

Patriarch of Moscow: Russian intervention in Syria saved Christians from ‘genocide’ (Fides) In a television interview on Rossija channel 1 on Sunday 7 January — on which the Orthodox Church celebrated Christmas — Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All the Russias praised the Russian military for halting the “genocide” of Christians in Syria. The patriarch added that the Russian Orthodox Church plans to take on the task of supporting the reconstruction of Syrian churches, as well as mosques and historical monuments…

Mortar shells strike the Old City of Damascus, damaging Maronite cathedral (Fides) On Monday, 8 January, a mortar shell hit the Bab Tuma neighborhood in the old city of Damascus. The strike damaged a Maronite Greek Catholic cathedral built in 1865, dedicated to Our Lady of the Transfiguration and to St. Anthony…

Jerusalem’s political orphans (Al Monitor) Some 150,000 Palestinians living in Jerusalem neighborhoods on the eastern side of the Israeli-built wall snaking in and out of Jerusalem and the West Bank continue to live in a legal and administrative limbo. The political orphans of East Jerusalem are not allowed to be connected to their Palestinian leadership but are also not part of the Israeli political system even though the latter decides, unilaterally, what happens to them…

Three months after Baghdad took control, tensions high in Kirkuk (Al Monitor) The retaking of Kirkuk by the Iraqi army in October has changed the balance of power in the oil-rich town that had been under full control of the Kurds since 2014. The operation was part of Baghdad’s retaliatory measures after the Kurds held an independence referendum that has since been declared illegal…

‘Water war’ escalates between Egypt, Sudan (Al Monitor) On 4 January, Sudan recalled its ambassador from Egypt. Without providing further details, Sudan’s Foreign Ministry stated that Ambassador Kamal al Din Hassan Ali was recalled for consultations. Egypt’s Foreign Ministry is weighing how to “take appropriate action.” This diplomatic spat has unfolded in a complicated context in which numerous issues have fueled tensions in bilateral relations for years...

Tags: Syria Egypt Lebanon Jerusalem Russia

8 January 2018
CNEWA staff

Join Father Joshy as he takes us through his busy day as pastor of two parishes in a remote and hilly district of southwestern India. (photo: Don Duncan)

See A Day in the Life of a Priest in Kerala.

5 January 2018
J.D. Conor Mauro

Armenian clergy pray in the Grotto at the Church of the Nativity, the alleged birth place of Jesus Christ, in the West Bank town of Bethlehem. While the Latin Church recently observed Christmas on 25 December, Christians of the Eastern churches look forward to celebrating the holy feast day this weekend. (photo: Musa Al-Shaer/AFP/Getty Images)

Tags: Eastern Christianity Eastern Churches

5 January 2018
J.D. Conor Mauro

The reopening ceremony for the Bulgarian Orthodox Church of St. Stephen in Istanbul, often referred to as the “iron church,” was held yesterday, 7 January. (photo: Muhammed Enes Yildirim/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)

‘Iron church’ reopens in Turkey (Fides) The historic Bulgarian church of St. Stephen, overlooking the Golden Horn, is preparing to reopen its doors to the faithful and visitors after extensive restoration work, which kept it closed for seven years. The place of worship will be reopened next 7 January, with a ceremony in which Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borisov will also take part. The presence of Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, Bartholomew I, and of Orthodox Patriarch of Bulgaria Neofit is also expected at the inauguration. Built by the Bulgarian community in the 19th century, the Sveti Stefan church is also known as the “iron church,” famous for being made of prefabricated cast iron elements…

Palestinians protest Trump’s Jerusalem move (Christian Today) Thousands of Palestinians are protesting in a ‘day of rage’ across the occupied West Bank, Gaza and in East Jerusalem against U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of the ancient city as Israel’s capital. Across the Arab and Muslim worlds, thousands of demonstrators took to the streets on Friday, the Muslim holy day, expressing solidarity with the Palestinians and outrage at the U.S. move. American embassies around the world, particularly in Muslim majority countries, were forced to tighten security in the face of protests…

Attacks against Indian Christians during the Christmas season (Fides) Christian communities in India suffered at least 23 attacks for religious reasons during the Christmas period, which have instilled a feeling of fear and have hurt the faithful. Protestant Christian Pastor Prabhu Kumar told Fides: “Never in my memory have we experienced the intolerance we are experiencing now…”

Chaldean patriarch: Christmas celebrations in Iraq give hope (AsiaNews) Millions of people took to the streets in Baghdad, Mosul, Najaf and Basra to celebrate. For the first time in three and a half years, faithful celebrated in a former ISIS stronghold. The leader of the Chaldean church extended thanks to young Muslim volunteers, who helped to clean and decorate the Church of St. Paul in Mosul in advance of the celebration…

Egypt’s Coptic Christians to consecrate huge new cathedral (Christian Today) Egypt’s Coptic Christians, under pressure from repeated attacks by Islamist extremists, are to celebrate the opening of a new cathedral tomorrow. Largely funded by the Egyptian government, the new Cathedral of the Nativity of Christ is located in the country’s new administrative capital, a new city being constructed east of Cairo, which is expected one day to accommodate around seven million people…

Tags: Iraq Egypt Palestine Turkey Indian Christians

4 January 2018
Elias D. Mallon, S.A., Ph.D.

A mosaic depicting the adoration of the Magi in the Basilica of Sant’Apollinare Nuovo dates to the sixth century. (photo: CM Dixon/Print Collector/Getty Images)

The feast of the Epiphany, also known at the feast of the Three Kings and Twelfth Night, officially brings the Christmas season to a close this weekend — but in many of the places CNEWA serves, particularly those with deep Orthodox and Byzantine roots, it is just as grand a feast as Christmas, with distinct traditions and celebrations.

The word “epiphany” comes from the Greek ἐπιφαίνω (epi-phaino), which means “to shine forth, manifest, reveal.” The feast celebrates the visit of the Magi to Bethlehem, which is recounted only in the Gospel of Matthew — and even there, with very little detail. Despite the traditions that have grown up around the feast, Matthew does not tell us who these visitors are, where they came from other than “from the East,” or even how many there were. Christian tradition has “filled in the blanks” for 2,000 years and has had as many as 14 visitors, coming from all over Asia and Africa (which is not “from the East”) and even given them different names. Ultimately in the West, Christians settled on the number three because of the number of gifts. San Apolinare Nuovo, a sixth-century church in Ravenna, Italy, has a magnificent mosaic of three Magi, named Balthasar, Melchior and Caspar, indicating that the tradition was beginning to solidify at least in the West just a few hundred years after the time of Christ.

For Matthew, who is writing primarily for Jewish converts to Christianity, it is important to stress the universal mission of the Messiah born in Bethlehem. Regardless of how many there were or where they came from, it is absolutely clear that the Magi are Gentiles. In Matthew’s Gospel the Gentiles are among the first to recognize Jesus. For Matthew the visit of the exotic strangers is truly an epiphany in that the true person and mission of Jesus “shines forth” and reveals itself. Jesus is not merely the hoped for Messiah who has come to save the Jews, but he is also the “shining forth,” the revelation of God’s Son to the entire world, Jew and Gentile alike.

Many local traditions have grown up around the feast of the Epiphany. In many Latin countries, the visit of the Three Kings is celebrated with parades and gift giving. In German villages, there is often a procession through the town. The pastor, accompanied by three children dressed as “Magi,” goes through the town blessing the homes. As each home is blessed, the letters C M B and the year are written in chalk over the main door of the house. The letters C M B stand not only for Caspar, Melchior and Balthasar but also for Christus Mansionen Benedicat — “may Christ bless the house.”

Liturgically since very ancient times, the Epiphany and the end of the Advent-Christmas season was seen as part of a series of epiphanies. The Gospel readings at the eucharistic celebration immediately following the feast of the Epiphany have traditionally dealt with the Baptism of Jesus in the Jordan and the Marriage Feast at Cana.

The Gospel accounts of the Baptism of Jesus in the Jordan are found in the Synoptic Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke and each recounts a voice from heaven declaring Jesus to be the “Beloved Son.” In all the Gospel accounts, including John, a voice from heaven and the descent of the Spirit in the form of a dove form an epiphany, a revelation of who Jesus is and what his mission is.

The Wedding at Cana appears only in the Gospel of John (2:1-12) and is also an epiphany. At the end of the account of Jesus turning the water into wine, the evangelist comments: “This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee and manifested (ἐφανέρωσεν from φαίνω, “to shine forth, manifest”) his glory; and his disciples believed in him.”

In sum, this period after Christmas is a time of light and revelation — and, really, three epiphanies.

The first epiphany is what we traditionally refer to as “the Epiphany” and is the shining forth of Jesus as a “light of revelation to the Gentiles” (Luke 2:32). The second epiphany at the Jordan reveals Jesus as the Beloved Son of the Father and the third and last epiphany of the season is the revelation of Jesus as the worker of might deeds and miracles at Cana.

Thus by the end of the Christmas season the Church through the liturgy not only proclaims that Christ was born in Bethlehem, but also teaches who he is and what his mission is.

Tags: Christianity Christian

4 January 2018
Greg Kandra

In Egypt, the wrist of a Daughter of Charity bears the traditional tattoo a Christian receives shortly after birth — a mark of faith to the world. Read about how Charity’s Daughters are revealing their faith in other ways and serving the Christians of Egypt in the December 2017 edition of ONE. (photo: Roger Anis)

Tags: Egypt Copts Egypt's Christians Coptic

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