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Current Issue
Summer, 2015
Volume 41, Number 2
  
28 July 2015
Greg Kandra




A Ukrainian serviceman cleans his machine gun on the frontline in the village of Maryinka in the Donetsk region on 21 July 2015. (photo: Anatolii Stepanov /AFP/Getty Images)

Rebels in eastern Ukraine block crucial aid (Vatican Radio) The biggest supplier of aid to rebel-controlled eastern Ukraine says its mission could end by Wednesday, if Russian-backed separatists continue to block its convoys, despite concerns over severe shortages for many destitute people, including many children...

Family of kidnapped priest consoled by Pope’s appeal (Vatican Radio) The family of the Rev. Paolo Dall’Oglio, the Italian Jesuit priest kidnapped in Syria nearly two years ago, has thanked Pope Francis for offering them consolation in their moment of trial. At this past Sunday’s Angelus, Pope Francis appealed for the release of Fr. Dall’Oglio and of two Orthodox bishops of Aleppo who were also kidnapped during the raging confict in Syria in 2013...

Syrian refugees in Armenia “stumble from one crisis to another” (Al-Monitor) Armenia is currently mired in a grim economic situation of its own that has sent hundreds of thousands of its citizens abroad in pursuit of work — meaning some remaining locals haven’t always welcomed the increased competition for jobs. With unresolved disputes on its borders with neighboring Turkey, and Azerbaijan draining the budget and stymieing trade, the government has found itself ill-equipped to deal with the needs of its 3 million citizens, let alone a smattering of destitute refugees. Nowhere are these difficulties better illustrated than at Yerevan’s “Aleppo market,” where Syrian shopkeepers scrape to make a living in an unassuming pedestrian underpass with low foot traffic near the capital’s central Republic Square...

Photo essay: Gaza residents living without electricity up to 18 hours a day (International Business Times) The Gaza Strip, home to 1.8 million people, has been experiencing up to 18 hours of power cuts a day. The coastal enclave’s only power plant halted production earlier in July in a dispute between Hamas and the Palestinian Authority (PA) over fuel tax. Hamas has been paying the PA for imported fuel but was unable to afford the tax bill. Qatar had donated $10m (£6.42m), effectively exempting Hamas from paying the tax, but this has dried up...



27 July 2015
Greg Kandra




Turkish tanks patrol close to the village of Elbeyli, near the border with Syria in southeastern Turkey on 25 July 2015, as the Turkey raises its security measures along the borderline
with Syria. (photo: Fatih Aktas/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)


Turkey and U.S. plan Syria “safe zone” for refugees (The New York Times) Turkey and the United States have agreed in general terms on a plan that envisions American warplanes, Syrian insurgents and Turkish forces working together to sweep Islamic State militants from a 60-mile-long strip of northern Syria along the Turkish border, American and Turkish officials say. The plan would create what officials from both countries are calling an Islamic State-free zone controlled by relatively moderate Syrian insurgents, which the Turks say could also be a “safe zone” for displaced Syrians...

Pope congratulates new Armenian patriarch (Vatican Radio) Pope Francis has sent a message of congratulations to the new Armenian Catholic Paticarch of Cilicia, his Beatiude Grégoire Pierre XX Ghabroyan. In the message Pope Francis expresses his joy at the Patriarch’s election and the hope that his new ministry will bear many fruits. The Holy Father in the congratulatory note also grants his Beatiude Grégoire Pierre XX Ghabroyan the “Ecclesiastical Communion” which the Patricarch requested in an earlier letter...

Officials refuse to let nun in Kerala take exam because of her veil (International Business Times) A Kerala nun was denied permission to appear for the retest of the All India Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Entrance Test (AIPMT) after she refused to remove her veil and cross on Saturday, 25 July in Thiruvananthapuram. The incident happened at Jawahar Central School in Kanjiramkulam, when Sister Seba arrived at the exam centre with Mother Superior of her convent on Saturday. The incident, in which the school authorities asked the nun to remove the veil, has sparked outrage in different parts of the state...

Aleppo archbishop aims to help Christians stay in Syria (CNA) With half of Syria’s population displaced due to its ongoing civil war, Church leaders in the country are seeking to send a message of hope and support for the persecuted Christian minority who have chosen to stay. “At the time of this writing, Aleppo is undergoing a massive assault by jihadists, and bombs have been falling for hours. It is as if everything is being done to scare people and push them to leave,” Melkite Archbishop Jean-Clement Jeanbart of Aleppo wrote in a 17 July letter. “We want to convey a message of optimism, one that encourages perseverance,” he said...

How Gaza’s businesswomen are beating the blockade (The Week) Nine years under an Israeli economic blockade, which Egypt has intermittently enforced too, makes Gaza an unlikely place to find a thriving start-up sector. Parts of the coastal enclave remain devastated after last summer’s war, the worst in modern times, and the third in six years in this narrow strip on the Mediterranean Sea. Energy shortages mean there are only eight hours of electricity each day here and the lack of 3G service also hinders connectivity. Yet a couple of blocks up from the beachfront, a new generation of entrepreneurs is working to rival the regional start-up hubs of Amman, Cairo and Beirut. “We have some people in Gaza who are incredibly smart and are totally comparable to what you see elsewhere in the region,” says Iliana Montauk, director of the Gaza Sky Geeks start-up accelerator...



Tags: Syria Gaza Strip/West Bank Kerala Armenia Turkey

24 July 2015
J.D. Conor Mauro




Erbil’s Ain Kawa is a temporary home for many Christian refugees displaced by ISIS. (video: Rudaw)

Christian refugees languish in camps, looking for hope (Rudaw) Marolin Sabri is angry. The 28-year-old mother of three says she is sick and tired of local officials who have made promises to her community of Assyrian Christian refugees that nestles together in a former church in Kirkuk. “I have to laugh. So many people have come from the government saying they will help us, but we are only surviving on the help from NGOs and the church,” she said. Sabri is one of thousands of Christian refugees who were brutally driven from their homes by the Islamic State, or ISIS, and sought safety in cities and towns across the Kurdistan region. Sabri’s home town of Bartella is still held by ISIS, and she wonders if she’ll ever return…

Ecumenical Institute for the Middle East will train young Christians (World Council of Churches) A new initiative called the Ecumenical Institute for the Middle East is “promising and inspiring” in its attempt to train young Christians in ecumenical thought and history, according to the Rev. Dr. Olav Fykse Tveit, general secretary of the World Council of Churches (W.C.C.). The W.C.C. general secretary met with organizers, students and faculty of the Ecumenical Institute for the Middle East on 20 July during a visit to Beirut, Lebanon…

Turkey bombs ISIS targets in Syria (BBC) Turkish planes have for the first time carried out air strikes against ISIS targets in Syria. In the early hours of Friday, police launched raids against ISIS and Kurdish militants across the country, arresting 297 people. The arrests come after the Kurdistan Worker’s Party’s military wing said it killed two Turkish police officers on Wednesday. The group claims the men collaborated with ISIS in the bombing of a Kurdish activists’ group on Monday that killed 32 people…

West Bank village anxiously awaits demolition (Al Jazeera) As Palestinians in the West Bank celebrated the Eid ul Fitr holiday, the end of Ramadan was marred for residents of Khirbet Susiya by fears that demolition orders would be carried out on their homes. In May, Israel’s High Court of Justice lifted a freeze on demolition orders issued against homes in the Palestinian village of Khirbet Susiya, located in the south Hebron Hills. Rights group B’Tselem warned that, due to settler pressure, Israeli authorities had decided to undertake the demolition of these homes even before the court hears a petition by residents scheduled for 3 August…



Tags: Syria Iraq Middle East Christians Turkey West Bank

23 July 2015
J.D. Conor Mauro




Major Archbishop George Alencherry, who leads the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, offers the Rev. Joseph Kodakallil a sign of his office as bishop of the Eparchy of Satna. (photo: M.L. Thomas, CNEWA)

New bishop for Syro-Malabar Eparchy of Satna (Vatican Radio) The pope has named the Rev. Joseph Kodakallil as bishop of the Syro-Malabar Eparchy of Satna in Madhya Pradesh, India. The announcement was made on 22 July 2015 simultaneously by Pope Francis at the Vatican and Major Archbishop George Alencherry, head of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, at the Indian church’s headquarters at Kakkanad…

Water cuts in Aleppo threaten children amid intense heat wave (UNICEF) The restoration of water supplies to the city of Aleppo has come as a relief to residents whose taps have run dry in recent weeks due to the fighting and frequent power cuts. The disruption to piped water supplies —in some cases deliberately implemented by parties to the conflict — increased the risk of water-borne disease especially among children. “These water cuts came at the worst possible time, while Syrians are suffering in an intense summer heat wave,” said Hanaa Singer, UNICEF Representative in Syria. “Some neighborhoods have been without running water for nearly three weeks, leaving hundreds of thousands of children thirsty, dehydrated and vulnerable to disease…”

What will happen to the children of Syria? (Middle East Eye) Eid ul Fitr, a religious holiday directly after Ramadan, is supposed to be a joyous occasion — especially for children, who could always expect new clothes, toys, fun games and extra pocket money. Not so for the children of Aleppo, many of whom have already lived through four wartime Eids, and spent this one hauling plastic containers of water from nearby wells to their homes. The water and power supply had been cut to the city for three weeks, and the only way to get water was to queue up outside communal wells in the sweltering summer heat, a job mostly left to minors as the adults were too exhausted by their ritual fast…

Patriarch calls lives of Middle East Christians ‘bad’ and ‘less bad’ (National Catholic Reporter) Christians in the Middle East are facing difficulties ranging from “bad” to “less bad,” said Latin Patriarch Fouad Twal of Jerusalem. While describing the condition of the Palestinians in the West Bank as “bad,” he said their situation is better than the challenges faced by Christians in Syria and Iraq, especially those who have been forced to flee homes. The patriarch pushed again for an end to hostilities throughout the Holy Land and the Middle East. “We condemn those who sell [military] arms to help [maintain the war] in Syria,” he told Catholic News Service in July. “It is a pity. We have never reached this level of violence. We preach, we hope, we weep. In all of the Middle East it is not a normal life…”

Group: Israel advances Jewish settlement plans in West Bank (Daily Star Lebanon) An Israeli settlement watchdog group says Israel has advanced plans to build or retroactively approve 1,065 housing units in West Bank Jewish settlements. Peace Now said on Thursday that an Israeli military committee retroactively approved 24 housing units in the Beit El settlement, though Israel’s Supreme Court ordered them demolished by the end of July because they were built on private Palestinian lands…



Tags: Syria India Children Syro-Malabar Catholic Church United Nations

22 July 2015
J.D. Conor Mauro




A Christian couple sits inside a tent erected on the grounds of St. Elijah Church in Erbil, in December 2014. (photo: Matt Cardy/Getty Images)

Is this the end of Christianity in the Middle East? (New York Times) The future of Christianity in the region of its birth is now uncertain. “How much longer can we flee before we and other minorities become a story in a history book?” says Nuri Kino, a journalist and founder of the advocacy group Demand for Action. According to a Pew study, more Christians are now faced with religious persecution than at any time since their early history. “[ISIS] has put a spotlight on the issue,” says Anna Eshoo, a California Democrat in the U.S. House of Representatives, whose parents are from the region and who advocates on behalf of Eastern Christians. “Christianity is under an existential threat…”

Law requested against conversion of Christian minors without parental consent (Fides) Mikel Munir — a Copt, and the founder and leader of the liberal political party Al Haya — addressed a public appeal to Egyptian authorities to ensure the personal status law under review should include a clause that prevents the change of religion for Christians minors without the consent of their parents…

Iraqi government orders Nineveh Plain forces to Baghdad (Fides) The Iraqi central government has ordered to transfer to Baghdad 4,000 soldiers and police who previously worked in the north provinces of Iraq — including the province of Nineveh — and this has provoked strong reactions on behalf of organizations and Christian politicians…

Syrian refugees in Lebanon face mental health crisis (Al Monitor) Hunger, thirst, lack of hygiene and lack of medical care are not the only problems for Syrian refugees in Lebanon. They also suffer from depression, anxiety and stress, due not only to their displacement, but also to their precarious existence…

Nationalists rally against Ukraine’s government (Vatican Radio) Thousands of supporters of a right-wing, nationalist paramilitary group in Ukraine have protested against government policies amid a deadly standoff between the nationalists and Ukrainian security forces in the country’s western region, near the border with Hungary…

Pope to stress interfaith ties during NYC visit, Cardinal Dolan says (AM New York) Pope Francis will seek to emphasize the importance of interreligious relations during his September visit to New York City and will hold up the city as a prime example of harmony among faiths, Cardinal Timothy Dolan said Sunday…



Tags: Syria Iraq Egypt Middle East Christians Refugees

21 July 2015
J.D. Conor Mauro




Uruguayan schoolchildren and Syrian refugee children chat on their first day in school in Uruguay. (photo: Miguel Rojo/AFP/Getty Images)

Uruguay says more Syrian refugees welcome (Rudaw) Uruguay will continue welcoming Syrian refugees who are fleeing from civil war, the foreign minister said Monday, overriding concerns about the South American country’s budget. “We know it obviously costs money. But I appeal to the sensibility and solidarity of Uruguayans to understand the drama being lived by these families — a true hell on earth…”

Archbishop becomes ‘almost-mayor’ of Hassake (Fides) In the Syrian city of Hassake, where the counter-offensive of the Kurdish forces and the Syrian army has retaken the outlying suburbs from ISIS, public health and food emergencies that affect the civilian population have pushed Syriac Catholic Archbishop Jacques Behnan Hindo to assume a role not unlike that of a public official. The archbishop says he has become responsible for waste removal, pest control and numerous other services relating to public health…

Priest says situation in Gaza continues to deteriorate (CNS) One year after a war with Israel that turned daily life here into a nightmare, a Catholic priest in Gaza said the situation in this besieged Palestinian territory has deteriorated even further. “Compared with a year ago, we’re worse off. Although a truce stopped the war, the blockade of Gaza by Israel has grown more intense. This has direct consequences for the population,” said the Rev. Jorge Hernandez, pastor of Holy Family Catholic Parish in Gaza City…

West Bank villagers deliver final plea to save homes (Al Monitor) Residents of the Palestinian village of Khirbet Susiya say that their repeated requests for construction permits were rejected by Israel, which has instead decided to demolish their homes…

Migrants on the Greek-Macedonian border seek new life (Al Jazeera) Recently, Macedonia allowed refugees and migrants to transit through the country for three days. Hoda Abdel-Hamid reports…



Tags: Syria Refugees Gaza Strip/West Bank Migrants Macedonia

20 July 2015
J.D. Conor Mauro




The Rev. Moner Shaded translates as two Syrian women speak with journalists at Warsaw Airport after over 150 Christian refugees from Syria arrived in Poland seeking asylum on 10 July. (photo: Wojtek Radwanski/AFP/Getty Images)

For Syrian refugees, 1,500-mile journey of hope and hardship (Christian Science Monitor) It was 10 a.m., and the smuggler told them it was time to go. The two young Syrian men thought he wasn’t serious — surely they would wait to cross the Aegean Sea at night, wouldn’t they? All their hopes rested on this journey, and now they feared this smuggler was going to ruin it all by sending them across the channel, from Turkey to Greece, in the glare of day…

Syrian Christians trying to rebuild between hope and fear (Pravmir) Homs had had a large Christian community before the Syrian war broke out. Many Christians lived in the old part of the city with its many churches in particular. The Christian presence here goes right back to the first century. But in February 2012 the increasingly brutal Syrian war also reached the strategically important city of Homs…

Syrian government, Kurds join forces to take Hassake (AINA) In two districts of Syria’s city of Hassake, Kurdish fighters and government forces rest before returning to battle the Islamic State group, a shared enemy being fought jointly for the first time. Although the two forces are fighting in different parts of the northeastern city, where control is divided between the Kurds and the government, both are necessary to defeat the jihadists. According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, army forces and Kurdish fighters have almost totally encircled ISIS in the southern part of Hassake…

Blast in Turkish town near Syria kills 28, wounds nearly 100 (Los Angeles Times) A blast killed at least 28 people Monday in a Turkish town near the country’s border with Syria, officials said. The detonation targeted an event held at the Amara Cultural Center in the town of Suruc, located just six miles from the border near the Syrian Kurdish town of Kobane, site of long-running battles between ISIS and Kurdish fighters…

Venerable Andrey Sheptytsky, a spiritual leader for his people (Vatican Radio) Pope Francis on Thursday approved the publication of decrees recognizing the heroic virtues of eight servants of God, including Ukrainian Archbishop Andrey Sheptytsky, who led his flock during World War II. “Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky was a very important church leader in central and eastern Europe in the first half of the twentieth century,” says the Rev. Athanasius McVay, a scholar specializing in early 20th-century church history…



Tags: Syria Refugees War Turkey Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church

17 July 2015
J.D. Conor Mauro




Syrian children play at a playground during Eid ul Fitr in Aleppo, Syria, on 17 July. (photo: Getty Images/Anadolu Agency)

Eid ul Fitr 2015: Syrian children in Jordan’s Zaatari camp celebrate (Yahoo! News) Syrian children living in temporary homes in Jordan’s Zaatari camp celebrated the first day of Eid on 17 July, amid the harsh conditions of living. The holiday marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan, when Muslims fast from dawn to dusk. Dressed in their best clothes, children visited the main market to stock up on sweets and toys, then headed to the playground…

Archbishop confirms the kidnapping of Syrian priest (Fides) “I can confirm that Father Antoine Boutros and his collaborator Said Al Abdun, who have been missing since last Sunday, were actually stopped and seized by one of the several armed rebel groups that are in the area,” said Melkite Greek Catholic Archbishop Nicolas Antiba of Bosra and Hauran. “Since their disappearance we have not received any news or demands from the kidnappers…”

Egypt: Six killed in clashes amid Brotherhood protest (BBC) At least six people have been killed in clashes between Islamist protesters and police in Egypt’s capital Cairo. The violence broke out during demonstrations in support of ousted President Muhammad Morsi and the banned Muslim Brotherhood after prayers at the end of the holy month of Ramadan…

Holocaust survivor saved by Christians returns the favor (Israel Today) At the age of 19, Arthur George Weidenfeld was among the many Jews whom British Christians successfully rescued from Nazi-controlled Austria just as Adolf Hitler and his cohorts were putting the “Final Solution” into action. Seventy-seven years later, now a British lord, Weidenfeld is looking to return the favor by rescuing Syrian and Iraqi Christians under mortal threat…

Archaeologists find Assyrian tablets in Turkey, some about women’s rights (Al Arabiya) Ancient Assyrian tablets, dictating social arrangements including women’s rights, dating back to 4,000 years have been excavated in the Central Anatolian province of Kayseri, a local newspaper reported Thursday. He said the tablets revealed detailed information about the Assyrians, spanning from commercial trade to the nitty-gritty of the local social life…

Architect of Syro-Malankara Catholic Church remembered (UCANews) An unprecedented 20,000 people concluded a five-day “walking pilgrimage” to remember Servant of God Mar Ivanios, who helped bring a section of the Malankara Syrian Orthodox Church to the Catholic fold…



Tags: Syria Egypt Turkey Islam Syro-Malankara Catholic Church

16 July 2015
J.D. Conor Mauro




A Bedouin boy holds a lamb in the village of Umm al Hiran, in the Negev region of Israel. (photo: Getty Images/Uriel Sinai)

Negev Bedouin await forced evictions (Al Monitor) The residents of unrecognized Negev villages have for years suffered discrimination and neglect by the Israeli government, which is now threatening them with mass forced evictions and relocation. Although Israel’s Prawer Plan was shelved in December 2013, on 5 May Israel’s high court ruled that the government could evict the residents of Umm al Hiran and build a Jewish settlement in its place…

Painting by numbers in Ukraine (Caritas) “We’re not doing enough,” says Erik Heinonen, a program manager for Catholic Relief Services in Ukraine. “The humanitarian catastrophe has not really been talked about or covered: 1.3 million people have left their homes behind and everything they had.” Caritas mobile teams have been helping conflict victims since the beginning of the crisis…

Melkite priest in Syria feared kidnapped (Fides) Since last Sunday Melkite Greek Catholic Rev. Antoine Boutros has been incommunicado, along with Al Said Abdun, who was driving him between cities…

Kurdish fighters besiege ISIS gunmen in Syria’s Hassake (Daily Star Lebanon) An activist group and the main Kurdish militia in Syria say Kurdish fighters have besieged members of ISIS in the northeastern city of Hassake. Kurdish official Mustafa Bali says they have cut all the roads linking Hassake with nearby ISIS strongholds in the province…

Anglican bishop: Christian refugees have not given up hope (Christian Post) Although Iraqi refugees who fled their homes to escape ISIS are now homeless and living in tents, containers and other makeshift housing arrangements in the Kurdish north, Anglican Bishop Michael Nazir-Ali said Wednesday that the morale of displaced refugees is much higher than the media is portraying. Along with an ecumenical delegation of bishops, he recently visited with refugees in northern Iraq as a guest of the Chaldean Catholic Church…

St. Sharbel’s memory, the future of Lebanon and the Maronite Church (AsiaNews) The Maronite Church has decided to commemorate officially the 50th anniversary of the beatification of St. Sharbel by Pope Paul VI by holding a novena of prayers and various events between 18 and 25 July. Maronite Patriarch Bechara Peter recently described the saint’s beatification as a prophetic deed intended to focus the world’s attention on the importance of the churches of the East, perhaps in anticipation of the dramatic hours they would later experience…

Egyptian navy vessel targeted by militants off Sinai’s coast (New York Times) An Egyptian navy vessel was targeted on Thursday by militants affiliated with ISIS group, who said they destroyed it with a rocket while it was anchored off the Sinai peninsula’s Mediterranean coast. An Egyptian military spokesman said the vessel caught fire on the shore and that there were no fatalities among its crew members. He did not say how much damage the vessel suffered and gave no details on the type of ship or the size of its crew…

Greek lawmakers pass austerity bill despite dissent (Yahoo! News) Greek lawmakers voted overwhelmingly early Thursday to approve a harsh austerity bill demanded by bailout creditors. The bill, which imposes sweeping tax hikes and spending cuts, fueled anger in the governing Syriza party and led to a revolt against Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, who has insisted the deal forged after a marathon weekend eurozone summit was the best he could do to prevent Greece from catastrophically crashing out of the euro, Europe’s joint currency. The vote came after an anti-austerity demonstration by about 12,000 protesters outside parliament degenerated into violence as the debate was getting underway Wednesday night…



Tags: Syria Ukraine Iraqi Christians Israel Greece

15 July 2015
J.D. Conor Mauro




A Ukrainian refugee gives water to her daughter in a hostel run by rebels in the center of Donetsk. (photo: Getty Images/AFP/Bulent Kilic)

UNICEF appeals for restoration of water facilities for 1.3 million Ukrainians (U.N. News Center) With only 60 percent of the pre-conflict water supply capacities still functioning in Ukraine, some 1.3 million people are struggling to cope with a “serious water crisis” because of damaged or destroyed water lines, forcing many families to travel with buckets to working wells in neighboring villages, the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) warned today…

How a Chechen from Georgia became a feared leader of ISIS (The Intercept) Temur Batirashvili, father of one of the most notorious leaders of the Islamic State, is a Christian, as were his ancestors. He has three sons, all of whom converted to Islam, against their father’s wishes. Temur blames himself; when the children grew up he was rarely at home, traveling for work all over Russia. He had to support his family…

Hungarians rally against fence to keep out migrants (Reuters) A thousand people demonstrated in downtown Budapest on Tuesday against a fence Hungary is building along its border with Serbia to keep out an accelerating flow of migrants entering from the south…

Anti-Arab racism up after Gaza war and election campaign, report says (Haaretz) The summer Gaza war and winter election campaign increased the incidence of racism in Israel, including anti-Arab acts, the group the Coalition Against Racism said Tuesday. The report was due to be presented at the Knesset at an event launching a parliamentary caucus against racism. Facebook and the Internet in general have been a locus for racism, but the report discusses both physical and verbal incidents, including racism in Knesset bills and comments by elected officials…



Tags: Ukraine Israel United Nations Georgia Hungary





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