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Sectarian Strife Scaring Away Egypt’s Christians

An Egyptian stands on the wall of St. Mark Coptic Orthodox Cathedral on 8 April, as a car burned during the previous day’s clashes between Muslims and Christians is pictured in the foreground. At least two people died during the clashes outside the cathedral, and more than 80 were injured. (photo: CNS/Amr Abdallah Dalsh, Reuters) 

11 Apr 2013 – By James Martone

CAIRO (CNS) — Mounting sectarian violence in Egypt is pushing tens of thousands of Egyptian Christians to look for security abroad, say Christian community members, church leaders and aid workers.

Some of the most serious sectarian violence occurred on 7 April at Egypt’s main Coptic Orthodox cathedral in Cairo, when a crowd confronted angry Christian demonstrators shouting anti-government slogans as they were leaving the funeral of four Christians killed in a gunfight the previous day.

Police fired tear gas over the walls of the St. Mark Orthodox Cathedral and reportedly stepped aside as the unknown assailants, armed with petrol bombs and other weapons, attacked those inside the cathedral grounds.

“The police not only didn’t protect the cathedral, but they fired tear gas into the cathedral,” said Alfred Raouf, an Egyptian opposition party member, describing the events to Catholic News Service.

Egyptian newspapers reported a Muslim who had been injured at the scene on 7 April died of his injuries on 9 April.

The Cairo office of the U.S. bishops’ Catholic Relief Services reported in mid-March that “almost 11 incidents” of clashes between Muslims and Christians in Egypt had occurred over the past two years, and that as many as “100,000 Christian families” had already left the country over fears for their future.

Coptic Christians account for an estimated 10 percent of Egypt’s nearly 90 million people. Most Egyptians are Sunni Muslims.

Assad Attiya, a 48-year-old clerk in a downtown Cairo department store, said growing violence and a general “state of chaos” since the revolution had frightened his and other Christian families into applying for emigration to the United States through the U.S. green card lottery system.

“All Egyptians, by nature, are kind [but] circumstances are now making everything bad, so I am afraid of you and you are afraid of me,” he told CNS.

He specifically mentioned incidents of Muslim- Christian violence in front of Cairo’s national television building in March 2011 and the following October in the predominantly Christian Cairo slum of Manshiyat Naser. Both incidents led to the death of at least 25 people, most of them Christians, and are among the several mentioned in a U.S. State Department’s human rights report, which said Egypt’s “government failed to prevent violence against Christians or stop the destruction of churches and religious minority-owned property.”

Raouf, the Egyptian opposition party member and a Christian, said it was important to remember that most abuses against Christians had taken place during the transition period directly after the revolution, when the country’s national military was in charge. But he said the 7 April violence was a sign the now-ruling Muslim Brotherhood was doing no better at managing Egypt, which he said continued to suffer from years of unchecked polemics by radical Egyptian Islamists toward the country’s Christian minority.

“All this sectarian tension is the product of the [former Presidents] Sadat and Mubarak” said Raouf, adding that all people in the country, Muslims and Christians, were suffering in present-day Egypt.

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Tags: Egypt Violence against Christians Christian-Muslim relations Emigration Catholic-Muslim relations