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West Bank Town Takes Pride in Links to St. Nicholas

15 Dec 2014 – By Judith Sudilovsky

BEIT JALA, West Bank (CNS) — Bethlehem might have the Church of the Nativity, but residents of this largely Christian town adjacent to Bethlehem say they have St. Nicholas.

“People believe he is the protector of the city,” said Father Faysal Hijazen, parish priest of the Church of the Annunciation. “In all of the Christian houses here you will see pictures of St. Nicholas. They pray to him for protection, when they have any problem, even problems at home they pray to him.”

He said every Christian family in Beit Jala has at least one person name Nicholas.

The saint, who was born into a wealthy family, is a symbol of giving, generosity, dedication to God and humility. He is said to have come on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land and, according to Beit Jala legend, he lived for four years in a tiny cave above which St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church now stands.

The residents also believe that the fourth-century saint has protected them during various armed conflicts in the area, including during the 1948 war of Israeli independence, when the Catholic parish priest reported seeing a man with a white beard standing on top of the Greek Orthodox Church with his arms open wide in a gesture of protection over the city.

More recently, said hairdresser Nicola Dukmak, 35, during the second intifada, a Palestinian gunman was positioned near the church during a gun battle with Israeli soldiers across the valley. The Palestinian said he saw a man with a white beard standing near the church protecting it from bullets.

Dukmak, who is Catholic, said his house is next to the Orthodox church; his family had to leave during the battle and trusted that St. Nicholas would protect their house — which was not damaged.

“I am proud to have this name,” he said. “I feel special because I am from Beit Jala and I have this name of St. Nicholas, who protects us. It is a special name for Beit Jala. If you meet someone named Nicholas, you can be almost sure he is from Beit Jala.”

Born in the third century in a village located on what is now the southern coast of Turkey, St. Nicholas was orphaned as a child and dedicated his life to serving God, using his inheritance to help the needy.

St. Nicholas was still young when he was made bishop of Myra, in the Asia Minor province of Lycia, is present-day Demre, Turkey. As bishop he became renowned for his generosity to the needy, his care for children and his concern for sailors.

St. Nicholas was persecuted for his faith by the Roman Emperor Diocletian and was exiled and imprisoned. Following his death on 6 December, 343, he was buried in Myra. In 1087, when the Turks conquered the region, Christians feared they would not be allowed to visit the tomb, so Italian sailors removed the saint’s relics to the Italian port city of Bari.

The Beit Jala Orthodox church, which has numerous old and new icons of the saint, also has a St. Nicholas relic, which people come to venerate.

While in most of the United States St. Nicholas developed into Santa Claus, in more than 30 countries around the world the beginning of the Christmas season is marked with the separate celebration of St. Nicholas’ feast day, when children are given gifts.

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Tags: Cultural Identity Saints West Bank