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“I am glad my children are getting an education, but the level here is so much lower,” says Mrs. Youssef. “There, they were good students. Here, they seem distracted all the time.”

Much has changed for Mrs. Youssef and her family since they moved to this village a year ago. Her home, once a well-appointed house with a garden, is now a modest dwelling with unpainted walls, bare floors and minimal furniture.

“Naturally, my children ask me for toys and new clothes,” she sighs. “But I can’t offer them anything.”

Mrs. Youssef says she finds solace in prayer and in keeping her family’s spirits high. She tells her children they will someday soon go back to their home and their friends, despite her growing doubts. Also weighing on her mind are the deaths of distant relatives who drowned as they attempted to cross to Europe from Turkey.

“It has left a scar on my heart,” she says. The unfortunate news was widely publicized among the Christian community in Kurdistan.

“My children ask me whether we will also go on a boat. They constantly express fear of the sea,” she says.

For many exiled Christians, the situation is at a deadlock. Even if their towns are one day liberated from ISIS, most doubt they will be able to return safely. Many say their trust in their Muslim neighbors has been shattered. Yazidis from Sinjar say much the same. Although Kurdish forces overtook the region last November, it remains largely uninhabited, with neither water nor electricity. The displaced from Sinjar say they would only go back if protected by international troops.

The one upside of the current situation in Nafkandala, according to the village’s mayor, Bassem Hamid, is that it is fostering unity among people of different faiths.

Originally home to 30 families, Nafkandala today accommodates 70 displaced families — Christian, Yazidi and Sunni Turkmen alike.

“It’s much livelier. The church is packed now during the Sunday liturgy. Even Yazidis attend,” he says, adding that the local village church has introduced new religion classes for children.

At around 2 p.m., as the number of patients dwindles, Father Haddad and the mobile clinic’s staff start packing up to leave. A few people arrive before the van departs, asking Dr. Nahal for a quick last-minute consultation.

For Father Haddad, the need for medical support exceeds what they are able to offer.

“There is a need for more mobile clinics to cover the villages more than once a month,” he says, adding that they are badly in need of a nurse to help administer treatments, care for wounds and remove stitches.

Other challenges include inclement weather, when rain makes it difficult to reach faraway villages — especially those without properly paved roads, where vehicles can become stuck in the mud.

Still more cause for concern are two Assyro-Chaldean villages the clinic visits — Sharanish and Dashtatakh — that lie in areas controlled by the P.K.K., the Kurdish rebel group fighting for an independent Kurdish state within Turkey. Technically located within Iraq, the villages are shelled routinely by the Turkish military.

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