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Christian Emigration Report: Lebanon and Syria

  • 10.8% political or security problems,
  • 8.5% willing to live abroad,
  • 4.7% unavailability of education for children,
  • 4% economic situation in Lebanon,
  • 3.3% not precise,
  • 1.4% absence of law,
  • 1% all points mentioned above.

In conclusion, the following points summarize the situation:

  • During the last 10 years, the total number of emigrants (official and non-official) is 200,000 to 300,000 persons.
  • The number of 100,000 per year frequently mentioned is not accurate and is exaggerated.
  • The average number of workers outside Lebanon is 15,000 persons per year.
  • The most crucial years for emigration were 1991, 1992, 1993 then it started to decrease gradually since 1994 and showed the same rate approximately from 1995 to 2000.
  • For the last 10 years, the average number of official emigrants, per embassy reports, is 13,800 per year.
  • For the last 10 years, the average number of emigration (regardless if it is official or non-official) is 20,000 to 30,000 persons.
  • The average number of emigrants per year is an estimate, especially in the absence of statistics from Latin America and Asia, as well as the approximate numbers for Europe added to the non-official number of emigrants. But this number remains more accurate than the commonly used figure of 100,000.
  • The emigration from Lebanon touches all regions and religions. The percentage of emigration is almost the same among Shiites and Maronites and only 10.8 percent considered their emigration related to political or security problems.
  • Religious minorities are demographically affected by emigration more than the religious majorities.
  • If the emigration continues with the same trend (20,000 to 30,000 per year) and the same sociological aspects, it will lead to a higher percentage of older people and decrease the percentage of population growth.
  • The most educated persons represent the highest percentage of emigrants.
  • Among those who are willing to emigrate, Sunni Muslims represent the highest number. followed by Shiites then Maronites.
  • Those who live in Mount Lebanon represent the highest percentage of people willing to emigrate, followed by the inhabitants of the Bekaa and then by Beirut.
  • Around 232,000 persons anticipate leaving the country and working abroad.

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